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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 4/2019

29-08-2018

Sensitivity to Peer Feedback in Young Adolescents with Symptoms of ADHD: Examination of Neurophysiological and Self-Report Measures

Auteurs: Dara E. Babinski, Autumn Kujawa, Ellen M. Kessel, Kodi B. Arfer, Daniel N. Klein

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 4/2019

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Abstract

Many youth with ADHD experience peer difficulties, but the mechanisms underlying this dysfunction remain unknown. Very little work has examined neurophysiological measures of social feedback processing in relation to ADHD symptoms. The goal of this study was to examine associations of ADHD symptoms with indicators of sensitivity to social feedback in a laboratory task and self-report of rejection sensitivity. A large community sample of 10- to 15-year-old adolescents (N = 391; Mage = 12.64, 48.6% girls) participated in the study. Mothers rated youth ADHD symptoms. Youth completed the Island Getaway task, which elicits neurophysiological (i.e., event-related potentials [ERP]) measures of sensitivity to peer rejection and acceptance feedback, and also completed self-ratings of rejection sensitivity. Greater ADHD symptoms were associated with an enhanced N1 ERP component, which correlated with higher levels of self-reported rejection sensitivity. In addition, greater ADHD symptoms were associated with reduced reactivity to social acceptance, as measured by the later reward positivity ERP component. Youth with elevated ADHD symptoms exhibited enhanced sensitivity to peer rejection at the neurophysiological and self-report level, as well as reduced neurophysiological reactivity to peer acceptance. Future work including neural measures of social functioning may serve to elucidate mechanisms underlying the social dysfunction characteristic of ADHD.
Voetnoten
1
Dr. Antonio Freitas, one of the contributing authors to the original Children’s Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire, assisted with modifying the vignettes.
 
2
The pattern of results remained the same when the interaction between ADHD symptoms and sex was removed.
 
3
The pattern of results remained the same when the interaction between ADHD diagnosis and sex was removed.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Sensitivity to Peer Feedback in Young Adolescents with Symptoms of ADHD: Examination of Neurophysiological and Self-Report Measures
Auteurs
Dara E. Babinski
Autumn Kujawa
Ellen M. Kessel
Kodi B. Arfer
Daniel N. Klein
Publicatiedatum
29-08-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 4/2019
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-018-0470-2