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22-09-2022 | Original Paper

Semantic and Visuospatial Fluid Reasoning in School-Aged Autistic Children

Auteurs: Eliane Danis, Anne-Marie Nader, Janie Degré-Pelletier, Isabelle Soulières

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

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Abstract

In light of the known visuoperceptual strengths and altered language skills in autism, we investigated the impact of problem content (semantic/visuospatial) combined with complexity and presence of lures on fluid reasoning in 43 autistic and 41 typical children (6–13 years old). Increased complexity and presence of lures diminished performance, but less so as the children’s age increased. Typical children were slightly more accurate overall, whereas autistic children were faster at solving complex visuospatial problems. Thus, reasoning could rely more extensively on visuospatial strategies in autistic versus typical children. A combined speed-accuracy measure revealed similar performance in both groups, suggesting a similar pace in fluid reasoning development. Visual presentation of conceptual information seems to suit the reasoning processes of autistic children.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Semantic and Visuospatial Fluid Reasoning in School-Aged Autistic Children
Auteurs
Eliane Danis
Anne-Marie Nader
Janie Degré-Pelletier
Isabelle Soulières
Publicatiedatum
22-09-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-022-05746-1