Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2018

09-06-2017 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Self-Other Agreement in the Assessment of Mindfulness Using the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire

Auteurs: Lisa M. May, Kristen M. Reinhardt

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

How well is trait mindfulness perceived by outside observers? This question has implications for the conceptualization of trait mindfulness and development and validity of self-report questionnaires. We examine this question via self-other agreement (SOA), observability, and evaluativeness of mindfulness. Study 1 investigated SOA of trait mindfulness with the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) in a sample of undergraduates and close others. Self- and other-reports of FFMQ facets agreed more than they disagreed, with SOA correlations ranging from 0.19 to 0.25. Because outside observers are only privy to behaviors rather than internal cognitive and emotional states, SOA correlations suggest that the internal process of mindfulness likely manifests in observable behaviors. Study 2 investigated the observability and evaluativeness of mindfulness via the FFMQ in an independent sample. There were no strong relationships between SOA and either observability or evaluativeness of mindfulness. The absence of a negative relationship between evaluativeness and SOA suggests that SOA is not strongly impacted by enhancing biases in self-report. The absence of a positive relationship between observability and SOA suggests that the observability of the process of mindfulness does not strongly influence the perception of mindfulness by an outside observer. Taken together, results from these two studies suggest that others do perceive mindfulness, and yet the information upon which they base their judgments remains unclear. In keeping with Buddhist teachings and intervention science, we suggest that if process-related behaviors are not used to judge mindfulness, perhaps outcome-related behaviors are used instead.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 125–143. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy/​bpg015. Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 125–143. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy/​bpg015.
go back to reference Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Lykins, E., Button, D., Krietemeyer, J., Sauer, S., et al. (2008). Construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples. Assessment, 15(3), 329–342. doi: 10.​1177/​1073191107313003​. CrossRefPubMed Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Lykins, E., Button, D., Krietemeyer, J., Sauer, S., et al. (2008). Construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples. Assessment, 15(3), 329–342. doi: 10.​1177/​1073191107313003​. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Benn, R., Akiva, T., Arel, S., & Roeser, R. W. (2012). Mindfulness training effects for parents and educators of children with special needs. Developmental Psychology, 48(5), 1476–1487. doi: 10.​1037/​a0027537. CrossRefPubMed Benn, R., Akiva, T., Arel, S., & Roeser, R. W. (2012). Mindfulness training effects for parents and educators of children with special needs. Developmental Psychology, 48(5), 1476–1487. doi: 10.​1037/​a0027537. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Davidson, R. J., & Harrington, A. (Eds.). (2002). Visions of compassion: western scientists and Tibetan Buddhists examine human nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Davidson, R. J., & Harrington, A. (Eds.). (2002). Visions of compassion: western scientists and Tibetan Buddhists examine human nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Grossman, P. (2011). Defining mindfulness by how poorly I think I pay attention during everyday awareness and other intractable problems for psychology’s (re)invention of mindfulness: comment on Brown et al. (2011). Psychological Assessment, 23(4), 1034-40–1034-46. doi: 10.​1037/​a0022713. CrossRef Grossman, P. (2011). Defining mindfulness by how poorly I think I pay attention during everyday awareness and other intractable problems for psychology’s (re)invention of mindfulness: comment on Brown et al. (2011). Psychological Assessment, 23(4), 1034-40–1034-46. doi: 10.​1037/​a0022713. CrossRef
go back to reference John, O. P., & Robins, R. W. (1993). Determinants of interjudge agreement on personality traits: the big five domains, observability, evaluativeness, and the unique perspective of the self. Journal of Personality, 61(4), 521–551. CrossRefPubMed John, O. P., & Robins, R. W. (1993). Determinants of interjudge agreement on personality traits: the big five domains, observability, evaluativeness, and the unique perspective of the self. Journal of Personality, 61(4), 521–551. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference John, O. P., Robins, R. W., Craik, K. H., Dawes, R. M., Funder, D. C., Kemis, M., et al. (1994). Accuracy and bias in self-perception: individual differences in self-enhancement and the role of narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(1), 206–219. doi: 10.​1037/​0022-3514.​66.​1.​206. CrossRefPubMed John, O. P., Robins, R. W., Craik, K. H., Dawes, R. M., Funder, D. C., Kemis, M., et al. (1994). Accuracy and bias in self-perception: individual differences in self-enhancement and the role of narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(1), 206–219. doi: 10.​1037/​0022-3514.​66.​1.​206. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your mind to face stress, pain and illness. New York, NY: Delacorte Press. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your mind to face stress, pain and illness. New York, NY: Delacorte Press.
go back to reference May, L. M., Reinka, M. A., Tipsord, J. M., Felver, J. C., & Berkman, E. T. (2016). Parenting an early adolescent: a pilot study examining neural and relationship quality changes of a mindfulness intervention. Mindfulness, 7(5), 1203–1213. doi: 10.​1007/​s12671-016-0563-3. CrossRef May, L. M., Reinka, M. A., Tipsord, J. M., Felver, J. C., & Berkman, E. T. (2016). Parenting an early adolescent: a pilot study examining neural and relationship quality changes of a mindfulness intervention. Mindfulness, 7(5), 1203–1213. doi: 10.​1007/​s12671-016-0563-3. CrossRef
go back to reference Paulhus, D. L., & John, O. P. (1998). Egoistic and moralistic biases in self-perception: the interplay of self-deceptive styles with basic traits and motives. Journal of Personality, 66(6), 1025–1060. doi: 10.​1111/​1467-6494.​00041. CrossRef Paulhus, D. L., & John, O. P. (1998). Egoistic and moralistic biases in self-perception: the interplay of self-deceptive styles with basic traits and motives. Journal of Personality, 66(6), 1025–1060. doi: 10.​1111/​1467-6494.​00041. CrossRef
go back to reference Singh, N. N., Lancioni, G. E., Winton, A. S. W., Singh, J., Singh, A. N., Adkins, A. D., & Wahler, R. G. (2009). Training in mindful caregiving transfers to parent–child interactions. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(2), 167–174. doi: 10.​1007/​s10826-009-9267-9. CrossRef Singh, N. N., Lancioni, G. E., Winton, A. S. W., Singh, J., Singh, A. N., Adkins, A. D., & Wahler, R. G. (2009). Training in mindful caregiving transfers to parent–child interactions. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(2), 167–174. doi: 10.​1007/​s10826-009-9267-9. CrossRef
go back to reference Varela, F., & Shear, J. (1999). First-person methodologies: what, why, how? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2, 1–4. Varela, F., & Shear, J. (1999). First-person methodologies: what, why, how? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2, 1–4.
go back to reference Vazire, S., & Mehl, M. R. (2008). Knowing me, knowing you: the accuracy and unique predictive validity of self-ratings and other-ratings of daily behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1202–1216. doi: 10.​1037/​a0013314. CrossRefPubMed Vazire, S., & Mehl, M. R. (2008). Knowing me, knowing you: the accuracy and unique predictive validity of self-ratings and other-ratings of daily behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1202–1216. doi: 10.​1037/​a0013314. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Self-Other Agreement in the Assessment of Mindfulness Using the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire
Auteurs
Lisa M. May
Kristen M. Reinhardt
Publicatiedatum
09-06-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2018
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0749-3

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2018

Mindfulness 1/2018 Naar de uitgave