Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 4/2007

01-05-2007 | Original Paper

Self-Esteem Enhancing Reasons for Having Sex and The Sexual Behaviors of African American Adolescents

Auteurs: Melissa L. Robinson, Grayson N. Holmbeck, Roberta Paikoff

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 4/2007

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

A sample of 146 African American adolescents living in impoverished neighborhoods with high HIV rates participated in the Chicago HIV Prevention and Adolescent Mental Health Project (CHAMP), a longitudinal study of adolescent HIV risk exposure. The current study examined self-reported reasons why African American adolescents may participate in risky sexual behavior. Adolescents completed a questionnaire regarding their sexual behaviors and reasons for having sex at Wave 3 of data collection. Findings from the study revealed that females used condoms less consistently while males had more sexual partners and sexually debuted earlier. Regression analyses also indicated that males were more likely to endorse self-esteem enhancing reasons for having sex and those who did also reported a higher number of sexual partners. Males were more likely to endorse power-related reasons for having sex and those who did tended to sexually debut earlier. Across both genders, results suggested that those adolescents who endorsed more self-esteem enhancing reasons for having sex were less likely to use condoms consistently. Implications for prevention programs and future research are discussed.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Alexander CS, Sommerfield MR, Ensminger ME, Johnson KE, Kim YJ (1993) Consistency of adolescents’ self-report of sexual behavior in a longitudinal study. J Youth Adolesc 22:455–471 CrossRef Alexander CS, Sommerfield MR, Ensminger ME, Johnson KE, Kim YJ (1993) Consistency of adolescents’ self-report of sexual behavior in a longitudinal study. J Youth Adolesc 22:455–471 CrossRef
go back to reference Attie I, Brooks-Funn J, Petersen AC (1990) The emergence of eating problems; A developmental perspective. In: Lewis M, Miller S (eds) Handbook of developmental psychopathology. Plenum Press, New York, pp 409–420 Attie I, Brooks-Funn J, Petersen AC (1990) The emergence of eating problems; A developmental perspective. In: Lewis M, Miller S (eds) Handbook of developmental psychopathology. Plenum Press, New York, pp 409–420
go back to reference Bachanas PJ, Morris MK, Lewis-Gess, Sarett-Cuasay EJ, Sirl K, Ries JK, Sawyer MK (2002) Predictors of risky sexual behavior in African American adolescent girls: implications for prevention interventions. J Pediatr Psychol 27:519–530 PubMedCrossRef Bachanas PJ, Morris MK, Lewis-Gess, Sarett-Cuasay EJ, Sirl K, Ries JK, Sawyer MK (2002) Predictors of risky sexual behavior in African American adolescent girls: implications for prevention interventions. J Pediatr Psychol 27:519–530 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baron RM, Kenny DA (1986) The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. J Pers Soc Psychol 51:1173–1182 PubMedCrossRef Baron RM, Kenny DA (1986) The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. J Pers Soc Psychol 51:1173–1182 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Beckman LJ, Harvey SM, Tiersky LA (1996) Attitudes about condoms and condom use among college students. J Am Coll Health 44:243–250 PubMedCrossRef Beckman LJ, Harvey SM, Tiersky LA (1996) Attitudes about condoms and condom use among college students. J Am Coll Health 44:243–250 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Beadnell B, Morrison DM, Wilsdon A, Wells EA, Murowchick E, Hoppe M, Gillmore MR, Nahom D (2005) Condom use frequency of sex, and number of partners: Multidimensional characterization of adolescent sexual risk-taking. J Sex Res 42:192–202 PubMedCrossRef Beadnell B, Morrison DM, Wilsdon A, Wells EA, Murowchick E, Hoppe M, Gillmore MR, Nahom D (2005) Condom use frequency of sex, and number of partners: Multidimensional characterization of adolescent sexual risk-taking. J Sex Res 42:192–202 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 13:1–44 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 13:1–44
go back to reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) Sexually transmitted disease surveillance, 2001. U.S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) Sexually transmitted disease surveillance, 2001. U.S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA
go back to reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, United States. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, United States. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
go back to reference Coates DL (1987) Gender differences in the structure and support characteristics of black adolescents’ social networks. Sex Roles 17:667–687 CrossRef Coates DL (1987) Gender differences in the structure and support characteristics of black adolescents’ social networks. Sex Roles 17:667–687 CrossRef
go back to reference Coker A, Richter D, Valois R, McKeown R, Garrison C, Vincent M (1994) Correlates and consequences of early initiation of sexual intercourse. J Sch Health 64:372–377 PubMedCrossRef Coker A, Richter D, Valois R, McKeown R, Garrison C, Vincent M (1994) Correlates and consequences of early initiation of sexual intercourse. J Sch Health 64:372–377 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dubois DL, Burk-Braxton C, Tevendale HD (2002) Esteem-enhancement interventions during early adolescence. In: Brinthaupt TM, Lipka RP (eds) Understanding early adolescent self and identity: Applications and interventions. State University of New York Press, Albany, NY, pp 321–371 Dubois DL, Burk-Braxton C, Tevendale HD (2002) Esteem-enhancement interventions during early adolescence. In: Brinthaupt TM, Lipka RP (eds) Understanding early adolescent self and identity: Applications and interventions. State University of New York Press, Albany, NY, pp 321–371
go back to reference Gillmore MR, Butler SS, Lohr MJ, Gilchrist L (1992) Substance use and other factors associated with risky sexual behavior among pregnant adolescents. Fam Plann Perspect 24:255–261 PubMedCrossRef Gillmore MR, Butler SS, Lohr MJ, Gilchrist L (1992) Substance use and other factors associated with risky sexual behavior among pregnant adolescents. Fam Plann Perspect 24:255–261 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gullotta TP, Adams GR, Markstrom CA (2000) The adolescent experience. Academic Press, San Diego Gullotta TP, Adams GR, Markstrom CA (2000) The adolescent experience. Academic Press, San Diego
go back to reference Haffner DW (ed) (1995) Report of the National Commission on Adolescent Sexual Health. Facing Facts: Sexual health for America’s adolescents: New York: Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States Haffner DW (ed) (1995) Report of the National Commission on Adolescent Sexual Health. Facing Facts: Sexual health for America’s adolescents: New York: Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States
go back to reference Hearn KD, O’Sullivan LF, Dudley CD (2003) Assessing reliability of early adolescent girls’ reports of romantic and sexual behavior. Arch Sex Behav 32:513–521 PubMedCrossRef Hearn KD, O’Sullivan LF, Dudley CD (2003) Assessing reliability of early adolescent girls’ reports of romantic and sexual behavior. Arch Sex Behav 32:513–521 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Heatherington SE, Harris RM, Bausell RB, Kavanagh KH, Scott DE (1996) AIDS prevention in high risk African American women: Behavioral, psychological, and gender issues. J Sex Marital Ther 22:9–21 Heatherington SE, Harris RM, Bausell RB, Kavanagh KH, Scott DE (1996) AIDS prevention in high risk African American women: Behavioral, psychological, and gender issues. J Sex Marital Ther 22:9–21
go back to reference Hirsch BJ, Roffman JG, Deutsh NL, Flynn CA, Loder TL, Pagano ME (2000) Inner-city youth development organizations: Strengthening programs for adolescent girls. J Early Adolesc 20:210–230 CrossRef Hirsch BJ, Roffman JG, Deutsh NL, Flynn CA, Loder TL, Pagano ME (2000) Inner-city youth development organizations: Strengthening programs for adolescent girls. J Early Adolesc 20:210–230 CrossRef
go back to reference Holmbeck GN (2002) Post-hoc probing of significant moderational and mediational effects in studies of pediatric populations. J Pediatr Psychol 27:87–96 PubMedCrossRef Holmbeck GN (2002) Post-hoc probing of significant moderational and mediational effects in studies of pediatric populations. J Pediatr Psychol 27:87–96 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Llewellyn CJ, Okundaye JN, Manning MC (2000) Human Immunodeficiency Virus-related risk behavior among African American females. J Nat Med Assoc 92:183–195 Llewellyn CJ, Okundaye JN, Manning MC (2000) Human Immunodeficiency Virus-related risk behavior among African American females. J Nat Med Assoc 92:183–195
go back to reference MaKinnon DP, Dwyer JH (1993) Estimating mediated effects in prevention studies. Eval Rev 17:144–158 CrossRef MaKinnon DP, Dwyer JH (1993) Estimating mediated effects in prevention studies. Eval Rev 17:144–158 CrossRef
go back to reference Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Ehrhdardt AA, Exner TM, Gruen RS (1990) Sexual Risk Behavior Assessment Schedule–Youth. HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Department of Psychiatry of Columbia University, New York Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Ehrhdardt AA, Exner TM, Gruen RS (1990) Sexual Risk Behavior Assessment Schedule–Youth. HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Department of Psychiatry of Columbia University, New York
go back to reference Murphy DA, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Reid HM (1998) Adolescent gender differences in HIV-related sexual risk acts, social cognitive factors, and behavioral skills. J Adolesc 21:197–208 PubMedCrossRef Murphy DA, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Reid HM (1998) Adolescent gender differences in HIV-related sexual risk acts, social cognitive factors, and behavioral skills. J Adolesc 21:197–208 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference NIMH Multisite HIV Prevention Trial (1997) Endpoints and other measures in a multisite prevention trial: Rationale and psychometric properties. AIDS 11:S37–S48 NIMH Multisite HIV Prevention Trial (1997) Endpoints and other measures in a multisite prevention trial: Rationale and psychometric properties. AIDS 11:S37–S48
go back to reference Norris AE, Ford K (1998) Moderating influence of peer norms on gender differences in condom use. Appl Dev Sci 2:174–181 CrossRef Norris AE, Ford K (1998) Moderating influence of peer norms on gender differences in condom use. Appl Dev Sci 2:174–181 CrossRef
go back to reference Orenstein P (1994) Schoolgirls: Young women, self-esteem, and the confidence gap. Doubleday, New York Orenstein P (1994) Schoolgirls: Young women, self-esteem, and the confidence gap. Doubleday, New York
go back to reference Osmond MW, Wambach KG, Harrison DF, Byers, J et al (1993) The multiple jeopardy of race, class, and gender for AIDS risk among women. Gender Soc 7:99–120 CrossRef Osmond MW, Wambach KG, Harrison DF, Byers, J et al (1993) The multiple jeopardy of race, class, and gender for AIDS risk among women. Gender Soc 7:99–120 CrossRef
go back to reference Paikoff RL, McCormick A, Sagrestano LM (2000) In: Szuchman L, Muscarella F (eds) Psychological perspectives on human sexuality. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, pp 416–439 Paikoff RL, McCormick A, Sagrestano LM (2000) In: Szuchman L, Muscarella F (eds) Psychological perspectives on human sexuality. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, pp 416–439
go back to reference Rosenberg M (1985) Self-concept and psychological well-being in adolescence. In: Leaky RL (ed) The development of the self. Academic Press, New York, pp 205–242 Rosenberg M (1985) Self-concept and psychological well-being in adolescence. In: Leaky RL (ed) The development of the self. Academic Press, New York, pp 205–242
go back to reference Rotheram-Borus MJ, Mahler JA, Koopman C, Langabeer K (1996) Sexual abuse history and associated multiple risk behavior in adolescent runaways. Am J Orthopsychiatry 66:390–400 PubMedCrossRef Rotheram-Borus MJ, Mahler JA, Koopman C, Langabeer K (1996) Sexual abuse history and associated multiple risk behavior in adolescent runaways. Am J Orthopsychiatry 66:390–400 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rotheram-Borus MJ, Rosario M, Reid H, Koopman C (1995) Predicting patterns of sexual acts among homosexual and bisexual youths. Am J Psychiatry 152:588–595 PubMed Rotheram-Borus MJ, Rosario M, Reid H, Koopman C (1995) Predicting patterns of sexual acts among homosexual and bisexual youths. Am J Psychiatry 152:588–595 PubMed
go back to reference Pipher M (1994) Reviving ophelia: Saving the selves of adolescent girls. Ballantine Books, New York Pipher M (1994) Reviving ophelia: Saving the selves of adolescent girls. Ballantine Books, New York
go back to reference Smith CA (1997) Factors associated with early sexual activity among urban adolescents. Soc Work 42:334–346 PubMed Smith CA (1997) Factors associated with early sexual activity among urban adolescents. Soc Work 42:334–346 PubMed
go back to reference Soet JE, Dudley WN, Dilorio C (1999) The effects of ethnicity and perceived power on women’s sexual behavior. Psychol Women Q 23:707–723 PubMedCrossRef Soet JE, Dudley WN, Dilorio C (1999) The effects of ethnicity and perceived power on women’s sexual behavior. Psychol Women Q 23:707–723 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Taylor-Seehafer M, Rew L (2000) Risky sexual behavior among adolescent women. J Soc Pediatr Nurses 5:15–25 CrossRef Taylor-Seehafer M, Rew L (2000) Risky sexual behavior among adolescent women. J Soc Pediatr Nurses 5:15–25 CrossRef
go back to reference US Census Bureau (2000) Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data [Data File]. Available from U.S. Census Bureau Fact Finder Web site, http://​factfinder.​census.​gov/​home/​ saff/main.html?_lang = en&_ts =  US Census Bureau (2000) Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data [Data File]. Available from U.S. Census Bureau Fact Finder Web site, http://​factfinder.​census.​gov/​home/​ saff/main.html?_lang = en&_ts = 
Metagegevens
Titel
Self-Esteem Enhancing Reasons for Having Sex and The Sexual Behaviors of African American Adolescents
Auteurs
Melissa L. Robinson
Grayson N. Holmbeck
Roberta Paikoff
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 4/2007
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-006-9116-8