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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 4/2016

20-01-2016 | Empirical Research

Self-Control Assessments and Implications for Predicting Adolescent Offending

Auteurs: Adam Fine, Laurence Steinberg, Paul J. Frick, Elizabeth Cauffman

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 4/2016

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Abstract

Although low self-control is consistently related to adolescent offending, it is unknown whether self-report measures or laboratory behavior tasks yield better predictive utility, or if a combination yields incremental predictive power. This is particularly important because developmental theory indicates that self-control is related to adolescent offending and, consequently, risk assessments rely on self-control measures. The present study (a) examines relationships between self-reported self-control on the Weinberger Adjustment Inventory with Go/No-Go response inhibition, and (b) compares the predictive utility of both assessment strategies for short- and long-term adolescent reoffending. It uses longitudinal data from the Crossroads Study of male, first-time adolescent offenders ages 13–17 (N = 930; 46 % Hispanic/Latino, 37 % Black/African-American, 15 % non-Hispanic White, 2 % other race). The results of the study indicate that the measures are largely unrelated, and that the self-report measure is a better indicator of both short- and long-term reoffending. The laboratory task measure does not add value to what is already predicted by the self-report measure. Implications for assessing self-control during adolescence and consequences of assessment strategy are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Self-Control Assessments and Implications for Predicting Adolescent Offending
Auteurs
Adam Fine
Laurence Steinberg
Paul J. Frick
Elizabeth Cauffman
Publicatiedatum
20-01-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 4/2016
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0425-2