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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2021

02-01-2021 | Original Paper

Self-Conscious Emotion Processing in Autistic Adolescents: Over-Reliance on Learned Social Rules During Tasks with Heightened Perspective-Taking Demands May Serve as Compensatory Strategy for Less Reflexive Mentalizing

Auteurs: Kathryn F. Jankowski, Jennifer H. Pfeifer

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 10/2021

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Abstract

Autistic adolescents experience a secondary wave of social cognitive challenges which impact interpersonal success. We investigated self-conscious emotion (SCE) processing in autistic and neurotypical adolescents. Participants watched videos of peers acting embarrassed and proud and rated inferred and empathic SCEs. We compared intensity ratings across groups and conducted correlations with social cognitive abilities and autistic features. Autistic adolescents recognized SCEs and felt empathic SCEs; however, they made atypical emotion attributions when perspective-taking demands were high, which more strongly reflected the situational context. Atypical attributions were associated with perspective-taking difficulties and autistic feature intensity. An over-reliance on contextual cues may reflect a strict adherence to learned social rules, possibly compensating for less reflexive mentalizing, which may underlie interpersonal challenges in ASD.
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Voetnoten
1
The authors use the term “autistic” to reflect identity-first language, which is, at present, the preferred terminology of many self-advocates.
 
2
Here, the term “atypical” represents “neurodivergent”. It is a comparative term, relative to “neurotypical”. The term “atypical” does not represent “incorrect”, just like the term “neurotypical” does not represent “correct”.
 
3
Here, the term “appropriately” reflects expected behaviors, based on neurotypical definitions of social standards.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Self-Conscious Emotion Processing in Autistic Adolescents: Over-Reliance on Learned Social Rules During Tasks with Heightened Perspective-Taking Demands May Serve as Compensatory Strategy for Less Reflexive Mentalizing
Auteurs
Kathryn F. Jankowski
Jennifer H. Pfeifer
Publicatiedatum
02-01-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 10/2021
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04808-6