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10-09-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Self-Compassion Explains Less Burnout Among Healthcare Professionals

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness
Auteurs:
Zeena Hashem, Pia Zeinoun
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-020-01469-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Objectives

Healthcare professionals are prone to experience burnout—a psychological syndrome resulting from chronic stressors at work. Some individual differences, like self-compassion—the non-judgmental observation of one’s own pain and failure, while understanding that these are part of being human—can protect against burnout.

Methods

We administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Self-Compassion Scale, and the Stressful Life Events Scale to a sample of healthcare professionals (medical residents, nurses, and physicians) in Lebanon (N = 93).

Results

The sample demonstrated a high degree of Emotional Exhaustion (M = 27, SD = 11.79), average levels of Depersonalization (M = 9.46, SD = 6.35), and Personal Accomplishment (M = 34.95, SD = 6.58), and moderate levels of Self-compassion (M = 3.25). All burnout components were significantly and inversely associated with self-compassion, with the strongest association found between Emotional Exhaustion and Self-compassion (r = −.37, p < .001). Self-compassion significantly explained burnout, above and beyond sociodemographic and occupational variables (Emotional Exhaustion: ΔR2 = .11, F (1.85) = 12.71, p < .01; Depersonalization: ΔR2 = .07, F (1.85) = 6.73, p = .01; Low Personal Accomplishment: ΔR2 = .11, F (1.85) = 11.29, p < .01).

Conclusions

Burnout is prevalent in the sample, yet self-compassion may be a possible protective factor.

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