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19-12-2019 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 3/2020

Mindfulness 3/2020

Self-Compassion and Depressive Symptoms in Chronic Pain (CP): A 1-Year Longitudinal Study

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness > Uitgave 3/2020
Auteurs:
Sérgio A. Carvalho, Inês A. Trindade, David Gillanders, José Pinto-Gouveia, Paula Castilho
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Abstract

Objectives

Self-compassion is associated with less depressive symptoms, better mental health outcomes, and less disability in chronic pain (CP). However, it remains longitudinally unexplored the role of self-compassion in CP. Also, although it acknowledged the conceptual overlapping between mindfulness and self-compassion, few studies have explored the role of self-compassion in CP while controlling for mindfulness in a longitudinal design.

Methods

The current study conducts correlational and hierarchical linear regression analyses in a sample of 86 women with CP who completed an online battery of questionnaires that assess pain intensity, functional impairment, depressive symptoms, mindfulness, and self-compassion in three time points: baseline (T0), 6 months (T1), and 12 months (T2).

Results

Results show that self-compassion (but not mindfulness) significantly predicts depressive symptoms at T1 and at T2 above and beyond depressive symptoms and functional impairment. Also, the interaction between functional impairment and self-compassion at T0 significantly predicts depressive symptoms at T1, but not at T2.

Conclusions

These findings expand the current knowledge on the role of self-compassion in CP in showing that self-compassion is a significant predictor of later depressive symptoms in CP and suggesting its potential role in buffering the impact of functional impairment in future levels of depressive symptoms.

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