Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

15-06-2018 | Original Paper

Self-Compassion: A Potential Path to Adolescent Resilience and Positive Exploration

Auteurs: Karen Bluth, Michael Mullarkey, Christine Lathren

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 9/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The adolescent developmental stage is characterized by multiple transitions, both physiological and environmental, and physical, cognitive and socioemotional growth that often leads to both challenges and opportunities. Developing coping strategies to contend with these challenges, such as strengthening resilience and being open to new experiences, can potentially facilitate traversing this developmental period with greater ease. Although previous research has supported the premise that self-compassion buffers the negative effects of these emotional challenges, little research to date has examined the link between strengths-based attributes such as resilience and curiosity/exploration (i.e., being open to and embracing new experiences) and self-compassion, and whether age or gender moderates these relationships. As such, the purpose of this study was to explore these relationships among a large adolescent sample. Results of 786 public school adolescents and 271 private school adolescents (68% white, 65% female, Mage = 15.6) who responded to questions in an online survey indicated that self-compassion was positively associated with both curiosity/exploration and resilience, and gender moderated the relationship between self-compassion and resilience such that this association was stronger among males than females. Age did not moderate the relationship between self-compassion and either resilience or curiosity/exploration, indicating that self-compassion is associated with both resilience and curiosity/exploration at all ages across adolescence. Implications are that interventions that cultivate self-compassion among adolescents may strengthen resilience and curiosity/exploration, offering new and healthy ways to cope with these challenges leading to improved emotional well-being.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Bethell, C. D., Solloway, M. R., Guinosso, S., Hassink, S., Srivastav, A., Ford, D., & Simpson, L. A. (2017). Prioritizing possibilities for child and family health: an agenda to address adverse childhood experiences and foster the social and emotional roots of well-being in pediatrics. Academic Pediatrics, 17(7S), S36–S50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2017.06.002.PubMed Bethell, C. D., Solloway, M. R., Guinosso, S., Hassink, S., Srivastav, A., Ford, D., & Simpson, L. A. (2017). Prioritizing possibilities for child and family health: an agenda to address adverse childhood experiences and foster the social and emotional roots of well-being in pediatrics. Academic Pediatrics, 17(7S), S36–S50. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​j.​acap.​2017.​06.​002.PubMed
go back to reference Bluth, K., Campo, R. A., Futch, W. S., & Gaylord, S. A. (2017). Age and gender differences in the associations of self-compassion and emotional well-being in a large adolescent sample. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(4), 840–853.PubMedCrossRef Bluth, K., Campo, R. A., Futch, W. S., & Gaylord, S. A. (2017). Age and gender differences in the associations of self-compassion and emotional well-being in a large adolescent sample. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(4), 840–853.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bluth, K., & Eisenlohr-Moul, T. A. (2017). Response to a mindful self-compassion intervention in teens: a within-person association of mindfulness, self-compassion, and emotional well-being outcomes. Journal of Adolescence, 57, 108–118.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Bluth, K., & Eisenlohr-Moul, T. A. (2017). Response to a mindful self-compassion intervention in teens: a within-person association of mindfulness, self-compassion, and emotional well-being outcomes. Journal of Adolescence, 57, 108–118.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Bluth, K., Gaylord, S. A., Campo, R. A., Mullarkey, M., & Hobbs, L. (2016a). Making friends with yourself: a mixed methods pilot study of a mindful self-compassion program for adolescents. Mindfulness, 7(2), 479–492.PubMedCrossRef Bluth, K., Gaylord, S. A., Campo, R. A., Mullarkey, M., & Hobbs, L. (2016a). Making friends with yourself: a mixed methods pilot study of a mindful self-compassion program for adolescents. Mindfulness, 7(2), 479–492.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bluth, K., Roberson, P. N. E., Gaylord, S. A., Faurot, K. R., Grewen, K. M., Arzon, S., & Girdler, S. S. (2016b). Does self-compassion protect adolescents from stress? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(4), 1098–1109.PubMedCrossRef Bluth, K., Roberson, P. N. E., Gaylord, S. A., Faurot, K. R., Grewen, K. M., Arzon, S., & Girdler, S. S. (2016b). Does self-compassion protect adolescents from stress? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(4), 1098–1109.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Boonlue, T., Briggs, P., & Sillence, E. (2016). Self-compassion, psychological resilience and social media use in Thai students. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 30th International BCS Human Computer Interaction Conference: Fusion! Boonlue, T., Briggs, P., & Sillence, E. (2016). Self-compassion, psychological resilience and social media use in Thai students. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 30th International BCS Human Computer Interaction Conference: Fusion!
go back to reference Byrne, B. M., & Shavelson, R. J. (1996). On the structure of social self-concept for pre-, early, and late adolescents: a test of the Shavelson, Hubner, and Stanton (1976) model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(3), 599.PubMedCrossRef Byrne, B. M., & Shavelson, R. J. (1996). On the structure of social self-concept for pre-, early, and late adolescents: a test of the Shavelson, Hubner, and Stanton (1976) model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(3), 599.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Catalano, R. F., Berglund, M. L., Ryan, J. A. M., Lonczak, H. S., & Hawkins, J. D. (2004). Positive youth development in the United States: Research findings on evaluations of positive youth development programs. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 591(1), 98–124.CrossRef Catalano, R. F., Berglund, M. L., Ryan, J. A. M., Lonczak, H. S., & Hawkins, J. D. (2004). Positive youth development in the United States: Research findings on evaluations of positive youth development programs. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 591(1), 98–124.CrossRef
go back to reference Copeland, W., Shanahan, L., Costello, E. J., SpringerAmpamp; Angold, A. (2011). Cumulative prevalence of psychiatric disorders by young adulthood: a prospective cohort analysis from the Great Smoky Mountains Study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 50(3), 252–261.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Copeland, W., Shanahan, L., Costello, E. J., SpringerAmpamp; Angold, A. (2011). Cumulative prevalence of psychiatric disorders by young adulthood: a prospective cohort analysis from the Great Smoky Mountains Study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 50(3), 252–261.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Costello, E. J., Mustillo, S., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., SpringerAmpamp; Angold, A. (2003). Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(8), 837–844.PubMedCrossRef Costello, E. J., Mustillo, S., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., SpringerAmpamp; Angold, A. (2003). Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(8), 837–844.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Galla, B. M. (2016). Within-person changes in mindfulness and self-compassion predict enhanced emotional well-being in healthy, but stressed adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 49, 204–217.PubMedCrossRef Galla, B. M. (2016). Within-person changes in mindfulness and self-compassion predict enhanced emotional well-being in healthy, but stressed adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 49, 204–217.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Galla, B. M. (2017). Safe in my own mind: supporting healthy adolescent development through meditation retreats. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 53, 96–107.CrossRef Galla, B. M. (2017). Safe in my own mind: supporting healthy adolescent development through meditation retreats. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 53, 96–107.CrossRef
go back to reference Gallagher, M. W., & Lopez, S. J. (2007). Curiosity and well-being. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(4), 236–248.CrossRef Gallagher, M. W., & Lopez, S. J. (2007). Curiosity and well-being. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(4), 236–248.CrossRef
go back to reference Gravetter, F., & Wallnau, L. (2014). Essentials of statistics for the behavioral sciences. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Gravetter, F., & Wallnau, L. (2014). Essentials of statistics for the behavioral sciences. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
go back to reference Hauser, D. J., & Schwarz, N. (2016). Attentive Turkers: MTurk participants perform better on online attention checks than do subject pool participants. Behavior Research Methods, 48(1), 400–407.PubMedCrossRef Hauser, D. J., & Schwarz, N. (2016). Attentive Turkers: MTurk participants perform better on online attention checks than do subject pool participants. Behavior Research Methods, 48(1), 400–407.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hay, I., & Ashman, A. F. (2003). The development of adolescents’ emotional stability and general self-concept: The interplay of parents, peers, and gender. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 50(1), 77–91.CrossRef Hay, I., & Ashman, A. F. (2003). The development of adolescents’ emotional stability and general self-concept: The interplay of parents, peers, and gender. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 50(1), 77–91.CrossRef
go back to reference Hayter, M. R., & Dorstyn, D. S. (2014). Resilience, self-esteem and self-compassion in adults with spina bifida. Spinal Cord, 52(2), 167–171.PubMedCrossRef Hayter, M. R., & Dorstyn, D. S. (2014). Resilience, self-esteem and self-compassion in adults with spina bifida. Spinal Cord, 52(2), 167–171.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Jovanovic, V., & Brdaric, D. (2012). Did curiosity kill the cat? Evidence from subjective well-being in adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(3), 380–384.CrossRef Jovanovic, V., & Brdaric, D. (2012). Did curiosity kill the cat? Evidence from subjective well-being in adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(3), 380–384.CrossRef
go back to reference Kashdan, T. B., DeWall, C. N., Pond, R. S., Silvia, P. J., Lambert, N. M., & Fincham, F. D., et al. (2013). Curiosity protects against interpersonal aggression: cross‐sectional, daily process, and behavioral evidence. Journal of Personality, 81(1), 87–102.PubMedCrossRef Kashdan, T. B., DeWall, C. N., Pond, R. S., Silvia, P. J., Lambert, N. M., & Fincham, F. D., et al. (2013). Curiosity protects against interpersonal aggression: cross‐sectional, daily process, and behavioral evidence. Journal of Personality, 81(1), 87–102.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kashdan, T. B., Gallagher, M. W., Silvia, P. J., Winterstein, B. P., Breen, W. E., Terhar, D., & Steger, M. F. (2009). The curiosity and exploration inventory-II: development, factor structure, and psychometrics. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(6), 987–998.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Kashdan, T. B., Gallagher, M. W., Silvia, P. J., Winterstein, B. P., Breen, W. E., Terhar, D., & Steger, M. F. (2009). The curiosity and exploration inventory-II: development, factor structure, and psychometrics. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(6), 987–998.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Kashdan, T. B., McKnight, P. E., Fincham, F. D., & Rose, P. (2011). When curiosity breeds intimacy: taking advantage of intimacy opportunities and transforming boring conversations. Journal of Personality, 79(6), 1369–1402.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Kashdan, T. B., McKnight, P. E., Fincham, F. D., & Rose, P. (2011). When curiosity breeds intimacy: taking advantage of intimacy opportunities and transforming boring conversations. Journal of Personality, 79(6), 1369–1402.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Kashdan, T. B., Rose, P., & Fincham, F. D. (2004). Curiosity and exploration: facilitating positive subjective experiences and personal growth opportunities. Journal of Personality Assessment, 82(3), 291–305.PubMedCrossRef Kashdan, T. B., Rose, P., & Fincham, F. D. (2004). Curiosity and exploration: facilitating positive subjective experiences and personal growth opportunities. Journal of Personality Assessment, 82(3), 291–305.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Laursen, B., & Hartl, A. C. (2013). Understanding loneliness during adolescence: developmental changes that increase the risk of perceived social isolation. Journal of Adolescence, 36(6), 1261–1268.PubMedCrossRef Laursen, B., & Hartl, A. C. (2013). Understanding loneliness during adolescence: developmental changes that increase the risk of perceived social isolation. Journal of Adolescence, 36(6), 1261–1268.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lerner, R. M., Almerigi, J. B., Theokas, C., & Lerner, J. V. (2005). Positive youth development a view of the issues. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 25(1), 10–16.CrossRef Lerner, R. M., Almerigi, J. B., Theokas, C., & Lerner, J. V. (2005). Positive youth development a view of the issues. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 25(1), 10–16.CrossRef
go back to reference Lewinsohn, P. M., Gotlib, I. H., Lewinsohn, M., Seeley, J. R., & Allen, N. B. (1998). Gender differences in anxiety disorders and anxiety symptoms in adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107(1), 109.PubMedCrossRef Lewinsohn, P. M., Gotlib, I. H., Lewinsohn, M., Seeley, J. R., & Allen, N. B. (1998). Gender differences in anxiety disorders and anxiety symptoms in adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107(1), 109.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Maciejewski, D. F., van Lier, P. A. C., Neumann, A., Van der Giessen, D., Branje, S. J. T., Meeus, W. H. J., & Koot, H. M. (2014). The development of adolescent generalized anxiety and depressive symptoms in the context of adolescent mood variability and parent-adolescent negative interactions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42(4), 515–526.PubMedCrossRef Maciejewski, D. F., van Lier, P. A. C., Neumann, A., Van der Giessen, D., Branje, S. J. T., Meeus, W. H. J., & Koot, H. M. (2014). The development of adolescent generalized anxiety and depressive symptoms in the context of adolescent mood variability and parent-adolescent negative interactions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42(4), 515–526.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Marshall, S. L., Parker, P. D., Ciarrochi, J., Sahdra, B., Jackson, C. J., & Heaven, P. C. L. (2014). Self-compassion protects against the negative effects of low self-esteem: a longitudinal study in a large adolescent sample. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 74, 116–121.CrossRef Marshall, S. L., Parker, P. D., Ciarrochi, J., Sahdra, B., Jackson, C. J., & Heaven, P. C. L. (2014). Self-compassion protects against the negative effects of low self-esteem: a longitudinal study in a large adolescent sample. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 74, 116–121.CrossRef
go back to reference Masten, A. S. (2007). Competence, resilience, and development in adolescence: Clues for prevention science. In D. Romer and E. F. Walker (Eds.), Adolescent psychopathology and the developing brain: Integrating brain and prevention science, (pp. 31–52). New York: Oxford Scholarship Online. Masten, A. S. (2007). Competence, resilience, and development in adolescence: Clues for prevention science. In D. Romer and E. F. Walker (Eds.), Adolescent psychopathology and the developing brain: Integrating brain and prevention science, (pp. 31–52). New York: Oxford Scholarship Online.
go back to reference Mojtabai, R., Olfson, M., & Han, B. (2016). National trends in the prevalence and treatment of depression in adolescents and young adults. Pediatrics, e20161878. Mojtabai, R., Olfson, M., & Han, B. (2016). National trends in the prevalence and treatment of depression in adolescents and young adults. Pediatrics, e20161878.
go back to reference Mosewich, A. D., Kowalski, K. C., Sabiston, C. M., Sedgwick, W. A., & Tracy, J. L. (2011). Self-compassion: a potential resource for young women athletes. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33(1), 103–123.PubMedCrossRef Mosewich, A. D., Kowalski, K. C., Sabiston, C. M., Sedgwick, W. A., & Tracy, J. L. (2011). Self-compassion: a potential resource for young women athletes. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33(1), 103–123.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Murphey, D., Barry, M., & Vaughn, B. (2013). Positive mental health: resilience. Adolescent Health Highlight 3, 1–6. Murphey, D., Barry, M., & Vaughn, B. (2013). Positive mental health: resilience. Adolescent Health Highlight 3, 1–6.
go back to reference Neff, K., & Germer, C. (2012). A pilot study and randomized controlled trial of the mindful self-compassion program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1, 1–17. Neff, K., & Germer, C. (2012). A pilot study and randomized controlled trial of the mindful self-compassion program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1, 1–17.
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2003). Self-compassion: an alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2(2), 85–101.CrossRef Neff, K. D. (2003). Self-compassion: an alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2(2), 85–101.CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D., & Germer, C. (2013). A pilot study and randomized controlled trial of the mindful self-compassion program. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 69(1), 28–44.CrossRef Neff, K. D., & Germer, C. (2013). A pilot study and randomized controlled trial of the mindful self-compassion program. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 69(1), 28–44.CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D., Hsieh, Y., & Dejitterat, K. (2005). Self-compassion, achievement goals, and coping with academic failure. Self and Identity, 4, 263–287.CrossRef Neff, K. D., Hsieh, Y., & Dejitterat, K. (2005). Self-compassion, achievement goals, and coping with academic failure. Self and Identity, 4, 263–287.CrossRef
go back to reference Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Girgus, J. S. (1994). The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 115(3), 424.PubMedCrossRef Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Girgus, J. S. (1994). The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 115(3), 424.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Olfson, M., Druss, B. G., & Marcus, S. C. (2015). Trends in mental health care among children and adolescents. New England Journal of Medicine, 372(21), 2029–2038.PubMedCrossRef Olfson, M., Druss, B. G., & Marcus, S. C. (2015). Trends in mental health care among children and adolescents. New England Journal of Medicine, 372(21), 2029–2038.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Park, N., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Strengths of character and well-being. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 23(5), 603–619.CrossRef Park, N., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Strengths of character and well-being. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 23(5), 603–619.CrossRef
go back to reference Petersen, A. C., Sarigiani, P. A., & Kennedy, R. E. (1991). Adolescent depression: Why more girls? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 20(2), 247–271.PubMedCrossRef Petersen, A. C., Sarigiani, P. A., & Kennedy, R. E. (1991). Adolescent depression: Why more girls? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 20(2), 247–271.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rankin, J. L., Lane, D. J., Gibbons, F. X., & Gerrard, M. (2004). Adolescent self‐consciousness: longitudinal age changes and gender differences in two cohorts. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 14(1), 1–21.CrossRef Rankin, J. L., Lane, D. J., Gibbons, F. X., & Gerrard, M. (2004). Adolescent self‐consciousness: longitudinal age changes and gender differences in two cohorts. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 14(1), 1–21.CrossRef
go back to reference Reilly, E. D., Rochlen, A. B., & Awad, G. H. (2014). Men’s self-compassion and self-esteem: the moderating roles of shame and masculine norm adherence. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 15(1), 22.CrossRef Reilly, E. D., Rochlen, A. B., & Awad, G. H. (2014). Men’s self-compassion and self-esteem: the moderating roles of shame and masculine norm adherence. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 15(1), 22.CrossRef
go back to reference Roeser, R., & Pinela, C. (2014). Mindfulness and compassion training in adolescence: a developmental contemplative science perspective. New Directions for Youth Development, 142, 9–30. Roeser, R., & Pinela, C. (2014). Mindfulness and compassion training in adolescence: a developmental contemplative science perspective. New Directions for Youth Development, 142, 9–30.
go back to reference Siegel, D. J. (2015). Brainstorm: the power and purpose of the teenage brain: Penguin, New York, NY. Siegel, D. J. (2015). Brainstorm: the power and purpose of the teenage brain: Penguin, New York, NY.
go back to reference Simon, T. (2017). Suicide rates*, for teens aged 15–19 years, by sex—United States, 1975–2015. Simon, T. (2017). Suicide rates*, for teens aged 15–19 years, by sex—United States, 1975–2015.
go back to reference Steinberg, L. (2005). Cognitive and affective development in adolescence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9(2), 69–74.PubMedCrossRef Steinberg, L. (2005). Cognitive and affective development in adolescence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9(2), 69–74.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tanaka, M., Wekerle, C., Schmuck, M. L., & Pagila-Boak, A. (2011). The linkages among childhood maltreatment, adolescent mental health, and self-compassion in child welfare adolescents. Child Abuse and Neglect, 35(10), 887–898.PubMedCrossRef Tanaka, M., Wekerle, C., Schmuck, M. L., & Pagila-Boak, A. (2011). The linkages among childhood maltreatment, adolescent mental health, and self-compassion in child welfare adolescents. Child Abuse and Neglect, 35(10), 887–898.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Trochim, W. M., & Donnelly, J. P. (2006). The Research Methods Knowledge Base. 3rd edn. Cincinnati, OH: Atomic Dog. Trochim, W. M., & Donnelly, J. P. (2006). The Research Methods Knowledge Base. 3rd edn. Cincinnati, OH: Atomic Dog.
go back to reference Warren, R., Smeets, E., & Neff, K. (2016). Self-criticism and self-compassion: risk and resilience. Current Psychiatry, 15(12), 18–21. 24-28, 32. Warren, R., Smeets, E., & Neff, K. (2016). Self-criticism and self-compassion: risk and resilience. Current Psychiatry, 15(12), 18–21. 24-28, 32.
go back to reference Weil, L. G., Fleming, S. M., Dumontheil, I., Kilford, E. J., Weil, R. S., & Rees, G., et al. (2013). The development of metacognitive ability in adolescence. Consciousness and Cognition, 22(1), 264–271.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Weil, L. G., Fleming, S. M., Dumontheil, I., Kilford, E. J., Weil, R. S., & Rees, G., et al. (2013). The development of metacognitive ability in adolescence. Consciousness and Cognition, 22(1), 264–271.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Wong, Y. J., Owen, J., & Shea, M. (2012). A latent class regression analysis of men’s conformity to masculine norms and psychological distress. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 59(1), 176–183.PubMedCrossRef Wong, Y. J., Owen, J., & Shea, M. (2012). A latent class regression analysis of men’s conformity to masculine norms and psychological distress. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 59(1), 176–183.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Xavier, A., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Cunha, M. (2016). The protective role of self-compassion on risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury in adolescence. School Mental Health, 8(4), 476–485.CrossRef Xavier, A., Pinto-Gouveia, J., & Cunha, M. (2016). The protective role of self-compassion on risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury in adolescence. School Mental Health, 8(4), 476–485.CrossRef
go back to reference Zessin, U., Dickhäuser, O., & Garbade, S. (2015). The relationship between self‐compassion and well‐being: a meta‐analysis. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being, 7(3), 340–364. Zessin, U., Dickhäuser, O., & Garbade, S. (2015). The relationship between self‐compassion and well‐being: a meta‐analysis. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being, 7(3), 340–364.
Metagegevens
Titel
Self-Compassion: A Potential Path to Adolescent Resilience and Positive Exploration
Auteurs
Karen Bluth
Michael Mullarkey
Christine Lathren
Publicatiedatum
15-06-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 9/2018
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1125-1

Andere artikelen Uitgave 9/2018

Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2018 Naar de uitgave