Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

22-12-2017 | Original Paper

Selective Impairment of Basic Emotion Recognition in People with Autism: Discrimination Thresholds for Recognition of Facial Expressions of Varying Intensities

Auteurs: Yongning Song, Yuji Hakoda

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by early onset qualitative impairments in reciprocal social development. However, whether individuals with ASD exhibit impaired recognition of facial expressions corresponding to basic emotions is debatable. To investigate subtle deficits in facial emotion recognition, we asked 14 children diagnosed with high-functioning autism (HFA)/AS and 17 typically developing peers to complete a new highly sensitive test of facial emotion recognition. The test stimuli comprised faces expressing increasing degrees of emotional intensity that slowly changed from a neutral to a full-intensity happiness, sadness, surprise, anger, disgust, or fear expression. We assessed individual differences in the intensity of stimuli required to make accurate judgments about emotional expressions. We found that, different emotions had different identification thresholds and the two groups were generally similar in terms of the sequence of discrimination threshold of six basic expressions. It was easier for individuals in both groups to identify emotions that were relatively fully expressed (e.g., intensity > 50%). Compared with control participants, children with ASD generally required stimuli with significantly greater intensity for the correct identification of anger, disgust, and fear expressions. These results suggest that individuals with ASD do not have a general but rather a selective impairment in basic emotion recognition.
Literatuur
go back to reference Adolphs, R., Sears, L., & Piven, J. (2001). Abnormal processing of social information from faces in autism. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 232–240.CrossRefPubMed Adolphs, R., Sears, L., & Piven, J. (2001). Abnormal processing of social information from faces in autism. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 232–240.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRef American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRef
go back to reference Angold, A., Prendergast, A., Cox, R., Harrington, E., Simonoff, E., & Rutter, M. (1995). The child and adolescent psychiatric assessment (CAPA). Psychological Medicine, 25, 739–753.CrossRefPubMed Angold, A., Prendergast, A., Cox, R., Harrington, E., Simonoff, E., & Rutter, M. (1995). The child and adolescent psychiatric assessment (CAPA). Psychological Medicine, 25, 739–753.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ashwin, C., Chapman, E., Colle, L., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006). Impaired recognition of negative basic emotions in autism: A test of the amygdala theory. Social Neuroscience, 1(3–4), 349–363.CrossRefPubMed Ashwin, C., Chapman, E., Colle, L., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006). Impaired recognition of negative basic emotions in autism: A test of the amygdala theory. Social Neuroscience, 1(3–4), 349–363.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Barbaro, J., & Dissanayake, C. (2007). A comparative study of the use and understanding of self-presentational display rules in children with high functioning autism and asperger’s disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(7), 1235–1246.CrossRefPubMed Barbaro, J., & Dissanayake, C. (2007). A comparative study of the use and understanding of self-presentational display rules in children with high functioning autism and asperger’s disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(7), 1235–1246.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Jolliffe, T., Mortimore, C., & Robertson, M. (1997). Another advanced test of theory of mind: Evidence from very high functioning adults with autism or Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38(7), 813–822.CrossRefPubMed Baron-Cohen, S., Jolliffe, T., Mortimore, C., & Robertson, M. (1997). Another advanced test of theory of mind: Evidence from very high functioning adults with autism or Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38(7), 813–822.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Berggren, S., Engström, A. C., & Bölte, S. (2016). Facial affect recognition in autism, ADHD and typical development. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 21(3), 213–227.CrossRefPubMed Berggren, S., Engström, A. C., & Bölte, S. (2016). Facial affect recognition in autism, ADHD and typical development. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 21(3), 213–227.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bolte, S., & Poustka, F. (2003). The recognition of facial affect in autistic and schizophrenic subjects and their first degree relatives. Psychological Medicine, 33, 907–915.CrossRefPubMed Bolte, S., & Poustka, F. (2003). The recognition of facial affect in autistic and schizophrenic subjects and their first degree relatives. Psychological Medicine, 33, 907–915.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Boraston, Z., Blakemore, S. J., Chilvers, R., & Skuse, D. (2007). Impaired sadness recognition is linked to social interaction deficit in autism. Neuropsychologia, 45(7), 1501–1510.CrossRefPubMed Boraston, Z., Blakemore, S. J., Chilvers, R., & Skuse, D. (2007). Impaired sadness recognition is linked to social interaction deficit in autism. Neuropsychologia, 45(7), 1501–1510.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bormann-Kischkel, C., Vilsmeier, M., & Baude, B. (1995). The development of emotional concepts in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 36(7), 1243–1259.CrossRef Bormann-Kischkel, C., Vilsmeier, M., & Baude, B. (1995). The development of emotional concepts in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 36(7), 1243–1259.CrossRef
go back to reference Brainard, D. H. (1997). The psychophysics toolbox. Spatial Vision, 10, 443–446.CrossRef Brainard, D. H. (1997). The psychophysics toolbox. Spatial Vision, 10, 443–446.CrossRef
go back to reference Carpenter, M., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (2002). Interrelations among social-cognitive skills in young children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32(2), 91–106.CrossRefPubMed Carpenter, M., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (2002). Interrelations among social-cognitive skills in young children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32(2), 91–106.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Castelli, F. (2005). Understanding emotions from standardized facial expressions in autism and normal development. Autism, 9(4), 428–449.CrossRefPubMed Castelli, F. (2005). Understanding emotions from standardized facial expressions in autism and normal development. Autism, 9(4), 428–449.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Dapretto, M., Davies, M. S., Pfeifer, J. H., Scott, A. A., Sigman, M., Bookheimer, S. Y., & Iacoboni, M. (2005). Understanding emotions in others: Mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders. Nature Neuroscience, 9(1), 28–30.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Dapretto, M., Davies, M. S., Pfeifer, J. H., Scott, A. A., Sigman, M., Bookheimer, S. Y., & Iacoboni, M. (2005). Understanding emotions in others: Mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders. Nature Neuroscience, 9(1), 28–30.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference De Schonen, S., & Mathivet, E. (1989). First come, first served: A scenario about the development of hemispheric specialization in face recognition during infancy. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive, 9(1), 3–44. De Schonen, S., & Mathivet, E. (1989). First come, first served: A scenario about the development of hemispheric specialization in face recognition during infancy. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive, 9(1), 3–44.
go back to reference Ehlers, S., Gillberg, C., & Wing, L. (1999). A screening questionnaire for Asperger syndrome and other high-functioning autism spectrum disorders in school age children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29, 129–141.CrossRefPubMed Ehlers, S., Gillberg, C., & Wing, L. (1999). A screening questionnaire for Asperger syndrome and other high-functioning autism spectrum disorders in school age children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29, 129–141.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ekman, P. (1972). Universals and cultural differences in facial expressions of emotion. In J. Cole (Ed.), Nebraska symposium on motivation, 1971. New York: Academic Press. Ekman, P. (1972). Universals and cultural differences in facial expressions of emotion. In J. Cole (Ed.), Nebraska symposium on motivation, 1971. New York: Academic Press.
go back to reference Ekman, P., Friesan, W., & Ellsworth, P. (1972). Emotion in the human face: Guidelines for research and an integration of findings. New York: Pergamon Press. Ekman, P., Friesan, W., & Ellsworth, P. (1972). Emotion in the human face: Guidelines for research and an integration of findings. New York: Pergamon Press.
go back to reference Ekman, P., & Friesan, W. V. (1969). The repertoire of nonverbal behaviour: Categories, origins, usage, and coding. Semiotica, 1, 49–98.CrossRef Ekman, P., & Friesan, W. V. (1969). The repertoire of nonverbal behaviour: Categories, origins, usage, and coding. Semiotica, 1, 49–98.CrossRef
go back to reference Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1971). Constants across cultures in the face and emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17, 124–129.CrossRefPubMed Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1971). Constants across cultures in the face and emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17, 124–129.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ekman, P., & Rosenberg, E. L. (1997). What the face reveals: Basic and applied studies of spontaneous expression using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Ekman, P., & Rosenberg, E. L. (1997). What the face reveals: Basic and applied studies of spontaneous expression using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Enticott, P. G., Kennedy, H. A., Johnston, P. J., Rinehart, N. J., Tonge, B. J., Taffe, J. R., et al. (2013). Emotion recognition of static and dynamic faces in autism spectrum disorder. Cognition & Emotion, 28(6), 1110–1118.CrossRef Enticott, P. G., Kennedy, H. A., Johnston, P. J., Rinehart, N. J., Tonge, B. J., Taffe, J. R., et al. (2013). Emotion recognition of static and dynamic faces in autism spectrum disorder. Cognition & Emotion, 28(6), 1110–1118.CrossRef
go back to reference Fridenson-Hayo, S., Berggren, S., Lassalle, A., Tal, S., Pigat, D., Bölte, S., et al. (2016). Basic and complex emotion recognition in children with autism: Cross-cultural findings. Molecular Autism, 7(1), 52.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Fridenson-Hayo, S., Berggren, S., Lassalle, A., Tal, S., Pigat, D., Bölte, S., et al. (2016). Basic and complex emotion recognition in children with autism: Cross-cultural findings. Molecular Autism, 7(1), 52.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Gillberg, C., Gillberg, C., Råstam, M., & Wentz, E. (2001). The Asperger Syndrome (and high-functioning autism) Diagnostic Interview (ASDI): A preliminary study of a new structured clinical interview. Autism, 5, 57–66.CrossRefPubMed Gillberg, C., Gillberg, C., Råstam, M., & Wentz, E. (2001). The Asperger Syndrome (and high-functioning autism) Diagnostic Interview (ASDI): A preliminary study of a new structured clinical interview. Autism, 5, 57–66.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Griffiths, S., Jarrold, C., Pentonvoak, I. S., Woods, A. T., Skinner, A. L., & Munafò, M. R. (2017). Impaired recognition of basic emotions from facial expressions in young people with autism spectrum disorder: Assessing the importance of expression intensity. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1–11. Griffiths, S., Jarrold, C., Pentonvoak, I. S., Woods, A. T., Skinner, A. L., & Munafò, M. R. (2017). Impaired recognition of basic emotions from facial expressions in young people with autism spectrum disorder: Assessing the importance of expression intensity. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1–11.
go back to reference Grossman, J. B., Klin, A., Carter, A. S., & Volkmar, F. R. (2000). Verbal bias in recognition of facial emotions in children with Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41(3), 369–379.CrossRefPubMed Grossman, J. B., Klin, A., Carter, A. S., & Volkmar, F. R. (2000). Verbal bias in recognition of facial emotions in children with Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41(3), 369–379.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Harms, M. B., Martin, A., & Wallace, G. L. (2010). Facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: A review of behavioral and neuroimaging studies. Neuropsychology Review, 20(3), 290–322.CrossRefPubMed Harms, M. B., Martin, A., & Wallace, G. L. (2010). Facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: A review of behavioral and neuroimaging studies. Neuropsychology Review, 20(3), 290–322.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hennenlotter, A., & Schroeder, U. (2006). Partly dissociable neural substrates for recognizing basic emotions: A critical review. Progress in Brain Research, 156, 443–456.CrossRefPubMed Hennenlotter, A., & Schroeder, U. (2006). Partly dissociable neural substrates for recognizing basic emotions: A critical review. Progress in Brain Research, 156, 443–456.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Herba, C., & Phillips, M. (2004). Annotation: Development of facial expression recognition from childhood to adolescence: Behavioural and neurological perspectives. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(7), 1185–1198.CrossRefPubMed Herba, C., & Phillips, M. (2004). Annotation: Development of facial expression recognition from childhood to adolescence: Behavioural and neurological perspectives. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(7), 1185–1198.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Howard, M. A., Cowell, P. E., Boucher, J., Broks, P., Mayes, A., Farrant, A., & Roberts, N. (2000). Convergent neuroanatomical and behavioural evidence of an amygdala hypothesis of autism. Neuroreport, 11(13), 2931–2935.CrossRefPubMed Howard, M. A., Cowell, P. E., Boucher, J., Broks, P., Mayes, A., Farrant, A., & Roberts, N. (2000). Convergent neuroanatomical and behavioural evidence of an amygdala hypothesis of autism. Neuroreport, 11(13), 2931–2935.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Humphreys, K., Minshew, N., Leonard, G. L., & Behrmann, M. (2007). A fine-grained analysis of facial expression processing in high- functioning adults with autism. Neuropsychologia, 45(4), 685–695.CrossRefPubMed Humphreys, K., Minshew, N., Leonard, G. L., & Behrmann, M. (2007). A fine-grained analysis of facial expression processing in high- functioning adults with autism. Neuropsychologia, 45(4), 685–695.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Joormann, J., & Gotlib, I. H. (2006). Is this happiness I see? Biases in the identification of emotional facial expressions in depression and social phobia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(4), 705.CrossRefPubMed Joormann, J., & Gotlib, I. H. (2006). Is this happiness I see? Biases in the identification of emotional facial expressions in depression and social phobia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(4), 705.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., Volkmar, F., & Cohen, D. (2002). Visual fixation patterns during viewing of naturalistic social situations as predictors of social competence in individuals with autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 809–816.CrossRefPubMed Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., Volkmar, F., & Cohen, D. (2002). Visual fixation patterns during viewing of naturalistic social situations as predictors of social competence in individuals with autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 809–816.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kumada, M., Yoshida, H., Hashimoto, Y., Sawada, K., Maruishi, M., & Miyatani, M. (2011). Discrimination thresholds for recognizing facial emotions: Mostly higher among the elderly. The Japanese Journal of Psychology, 82(1), 56–62.CrossRefPubMed Kumada, M., Yoshida, H., Hashimoto, Y., Sawada, K., Maruishi, M., & Miyatani, M. (2011). Discrimination thresholds for recognizing facial emotions: Mostly higher among the elderly. The Japanese Journal of Psychology, 82(1), 56–62.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Loukusa, S., Leinonen, E., Kuusikko, S., Jussila, K., Mattila, M. L., Ryder, N., et al. (2007). Use of context in pragmatic language comprehension by children with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1049–1059.CrossRefPubMed Loukusa, S., Leinonen, E., Kuusikko, S., Jussila, K., Mattila, M. L., Ryder, N., et al. (2007). Use of context in pragmatic language comprehension by children with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1049–1059.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Loveland, K. A., Pearson, D. A., Tunali-Kotoski, B., Ortegon, J., & Gibbs, M. C. (2001). Judgments of social appropriateness by children and adolescents with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(4), 367–376.CrossRefPubMed Loveland, K. A., Pearson, D. A., Tunali-Kotoski, B., Ortegon, J., & Gibbs, M. C. (2001). Judgments of social appropriateness by children and adolescents with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(4), 367–376.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nelson, C. A. (1987). The recognition of facial expressions in the first two years of life: Mechanisms of development. Child Development, 58(4), 889–909.CrossRefPubMed Nelson, C. A. (1987). The recognition of facial expressions in the first two years of life: Mechanisms of development. Child Development, 58(4), 889–909.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Neumann, D., Spezio, M. L., Piven, J., & Adolphs, R. (2006). Looking you in the mouth: Abnormal gaze in autism resulting from impaired top-down modulation of visual attention. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1(3), 194–202.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Neumann, D., Spezio, M. L., Piven, J., & Adolphs, R. (2006). Looking you in the mouth: Abnormal gaze in autism resulting from impaired top-down modulation of visual attention. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1(3), 194–202.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Niedenthal, P. M., Brauer, M., Robin, L., & Innes-Ker, ÅH. (2002). Adult attachment and the perception of facial expression of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 419–433.CrossRefPubMed Niedenthal, P. M., Brauer, M., Robin, L., & Innes-Ker, ÅH. (2002). Adult attachment and the perception of facial expression of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 419–433.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Niedenthal, P. M., Halberstadt, J. B., Margolin, J., & Innes-Ker, ÅH. (2000). Emotional state and the detection of change in facial expression of emotion. European Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 211–222.CrossRef Niedenthal, P. M., Halberstadt, J. B., Margolin, J., & Innes-Ker, ÅH. (2000). Emotional state and the detection of change in facial expression of emotion. European Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 211–222.CrossRef
go back to reference Ogai, M., Matsumoto, H., Suzuki, K., Ozawa, F., Fukuda, R., Uchiyama, I., et al. (2003). fMRI study of recognition of facial expressions in high-functioning autistic patients. Neuroreport, 14, 559–563.CrossRefPubMed Ogai, M., Matsumoto, H., Suzuki, K., Ozawa, F., Fukuda, R., Uchiyama, I., et al. (2003). fMRI study of recognition of facial expressions in high-functioning autistic patients. Neuroreport, 14, 559–563.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1990). Are there emotion perception deficits in young autistic children? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 31, 343–361.CrossRefPubMed Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1990). Are there emotion perception deficits in young autistic children? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 31, 343–361.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pan, N., Wu, G. H., Zhang, L., Zhao, Y. F., Guan, H., Xu, C. J., et al. (2017). Association between intelligence development and facial expression recognition ability in children with autism spectrum disorder. Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics, 19(3), 275.PubMed Pan, N., Wu, G. H., Zhang, L., Zhao, Y. F., Guan, H., Xu, C. J., et al. (2017). Association between intelligence development and facial expression recognition ability in children with autism spectrum disorder. Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics, 19(3), 275.PubMed
go back to reference Panksepp, J. (1998). Affective neuroscience: The foundations of human and animal emotions. New York: Oxford University Press. Panksepp, J. (1998). Affective neuroscience: The foundations of human and animal emotions. New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Pelli, D. G. (1997). The VideoToolbox software for visual psychophysics: Transforming numbers into movies. Spatial Vision, 10, 437–442.CrossRefPubMed Pelli, D. G. (1997). The VideoToolbox software for visual psychophysics: Transforming numbers into movies. Spatial Vision, 10, 437–442.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Prior, M., Dahlstrom, B., & Squires, T. (1990). Autistic children’s knowledge of thinking and feeling states in other people. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 31, 587–601.CrossRefPubMed Prior, M., Dahlstrom, B., & Squires, T. (1990). Autistic children’s knowledge of thinking and feeling states in other people. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 31, 587–601.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Raven, J. C., Court, J. H., & Raven, J. (1992). Standard progressive matrices. Oxford: Oxford Psychologists Press. Raven, J. C., Court, J. H., & Raven, J. (1992). Standard progressive matrices. Oxford: Oxford Psychologists Press.
go back to reference Robel, L., Ennouri, K., Piana, H. N., Vaivre-Douret, L., Perier, A., Flament, M. F., Mouren-Siméoni, M. C. (2004). Discrimination of face identities and expressions in children with autism: Same or different? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 13(4), 227–233.CrossRef Robel, L., Ennouri, K., Piana, H. N., Vaivre-Douret, L., Perier, A., Flament, M. F., Mouren-Siméoni, M. C. (2004). Discrimination of face identities and expressions in children with autism: Same or different? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 13(4), 227–233.CrossRef
go back to reference Rogers, S. J., Hepburn, S. L., Stackhouse, T., & Wehner, E. (2003). Imitation performance in toddlers with autism and those with other developmental disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44(5), 763–781.CrossRefPubMed Rogers, S. J., Hepburn, S. L., Stackhouse, T., & Wehner, E. (2003). Imitation performance in toddlers with autism and those with other developmental disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44(5), 763–781.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rutherford, M. D., & McIntosh, D. N. (2007). Rules versus prototype matching: Strategies of perception of emotional facial expressions in the autism spectrum. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(2), 187–196.CrossRefPubMed Rutherford, M. D., & McIntosh, D. N. (2007). Rules versus prototype matching: Strategies of perception of emotional facial expressions in the autism spectrum. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(2), 187–196.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Sigman, M., Mundy, P., Sherman, T., & Ungerer, J. (1986). Social interactions of autistic, mentally retarded and normal children and their caregivers. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27(5), 647–656.CrossRefPubMed Sigman, M., Mundy, P., Sherman, T., & Ungerer, J. (1986). Social interactions of autistic, mentally retarded and normal children and their caregivers. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27(5), 647–656.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smith, M. J. L., Montagne, B., Perrett, D. I., Gill, M., & Gallagher, L. (2010). Detecting subtle facial emotion recognition deficits in high-functioning autism using dynamic stimuli of varying intensities. Neuropsychologia, 48(9), 2777–2781.CrossRef Smith, M. J. L., Montagne, B., Perrett, D. I., Gill, M., & Gallagher, L. (2010). Detecting subtle facial emotion recognition deficits in high-functioning autism using dynamic stimuli of varying intensities. Neuropsychologia, 48(9), 2777–2781.CrossRef
go back to reference Smith, M. L., Cottrell, G. W., Gosselin, F., & Schyns, P. G. (2005). Transmitting and decoding facial expressions. Psychological Science, 16(3), 184–189.CrossRefPubMed Smith, M. L., Cottrell, G. W., Gosselin, F., & Schyns, P. G. (2005). Transmitting and decoding facial expressions. Psychological Science, 16(3), 184–189.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Song, Y., Hakoda, Y., & Sang, B. (2016). A selective impairment in extracting fearful information from another’s eyes in Autism. Autism Research, 9(9), 1002–1011.CrossRefPubMed Song, Y., Hakoda, Y., & Sang, B. (2016). A selective impairment in extracting fearful information from another’s eyes in Autism. Autism Research, 9(9), 1002–1011.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Song, Y., Kawabe, T., Hakoda, Y., & Du, X. (2012). Do the eyes have it? Extraction of identity and positive expression from another’s eyes in autism, probed using “Bubbles”. Brain and Development, 34(7), 584–590.CrossRefPubMed Song, Y., Kawabe, T., Hakoda, Y., & Du, X. (2012). Do the eyes have it? Extraction of identity and positive expression from another’s eyes in autism, probed using “Bubbles”. Brain and Development, 34(7), 584–590.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Spezio, M. L., Adolphs, R., Hurley, R. S., & Piven, J. (2007a). Abnormal use of facial information in high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(5), 929–939.CrossRefPubMed Spezio, M. L., Adolphs, R., Hurley, R. S., & Piven, J. (2007a). Abnormal use of facial information in high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(5), 929–939.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Spezio, M. L., Adolphs, R., Hurley, R. S., & Piven, J. (2007b). Analysis of face gaze in autism using “Bubbles”. Neuropsychologia, 45(1), 144–151.CrossRefPubMed Spezio, M. L., Adolphs, R., Hurley, R. S., & Piven, J. (2007b). Analysis of face gaze in autism using “Bubbles”. Neuropsychologia, 45(1), 144–151.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Tell, D., Davidson, D., & Camras, L. A. (2014). Recognition of emotion from facial expressions with direct or averted eye gaze and varying expression intensities in children with autism disorder and typically developing children. Autism Research and Treat, 2014(9), 816137. Tell, D., Davidson, D., & Camras, L. A. (2014). Recognition of emotion from facial expressions with direct or averted eye gaze and varying expression intensities in children with autism disorder and typically developing children. Autism Research and Treat, 2014(9), 816137.
go back to reference Wallace, G. L., Case, L. K., Harms, M. B., Silvers, J. A., Kenworthy, L., & Martin, A. (2011). Diminished sensitivity to sad facial expressions in high functioning autism spectrum disorders is associated with symptomatology and adaptive functioning. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(11), 1475–1486.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Wallace, G. L., Case, L. K., Harms, M. B., Silvers, J. A., Kenworthy, L., & Martin, A. (2011). Diminished sensitivity to sad facial expressions in high functioning autism spectrum disorders is associated with symptomatology and adaptive functioning. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(11), 1475–1486.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Walsh, J. A., Vida, M. D., & Rutherford, M. D. (2013). Strategies for perceiving facial expressions in adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(5), 1018–1026.CrossRef Walsh, J. A., Vida, M. D., & Rutherford, M. D. (2013). Strategies for perceiving facial expressions in adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(5), 1018–1026.CrossRef
go back to reference Whitaker, L. R., Simpson, A., & Roberson, D. (2017). Brief report: Is impaired classification of subtle facial expressions in children with autism spectrum disorders related to atypical emotion category boundaries?. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1–7. Whitaker, L. R., Simpson, A., & Roberson, D. (2017). Brief report: Is impaired classification of subtle facial expressions in children with autism spectrum disorders related to atypical emotion category boundaries?. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1–7.
go back to reference Williams, J., Scott, F., Stott, C., Allison, C., Bolton, P., Baron-Cohen., et al. (2015). The cast (childhood asperger syndrome test): Test accuracy. Autism the International Journal of Research & Practice, 11(2), 173–185. Williams, J., Scott, F., Stott, C., Allison, C., Bolton, P., Baron-Cohen., et al. (2015). The cast (childhood asperger syndrome test): Test accuracy. Autism the International Journal of Research & Practice, 11(2), 173–185.
go back to reference Wingenbach, T. S. H., Ashwin, C., & Brosnan, M. (2017). Diminished sensitivity and specificity at recognising facial emotional expressions of varying intensity underlie emotion-specific recognition deficits in autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 34, 52–61.CrossRef Wingenbach, T. S. H., Ashwin, C., & Brosnan, M. (2017). Diminished sensitivity and specificity at recognising facial emotional expressions of varying intensity underlie emotion-specific recognition deficits in autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 34, 52–61.CrossRef
go back to reference Yoshida, H., & Toshima, T. (2007). Independent age cues for infancy and older age in one face: Evidence for rivalry in age perception. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 104, 483–493.CrossRefPubMed Yoshida, H., & Toshima, T. (2007). Independent age cues for infancy and older age in one face: Evidence for rivalry in age perception. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 104, 483–493.CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Selective Impairment of Basic Emotion Recognition in People with Autism: Discrimination Thresholds for Recognition of Facial Expressions of Varying Intensities
Auteurs
Yongning Song
Yuji Hakoda
Publicatiedatum
22-12-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3428-2

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2018

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2018 Naar de uitgave