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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3/2014

01-04-2014

Secular Trends in Depressive Symptoms Among Norwegian Adolescents from 1992 to 2010

Auteurs: Tilmann von Soest, Lars Wichstrøm

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 3/2014

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Abstract

Several survey studies among adolescents have shown increasing rates of depressive symptoms over the last two to three decades. We know however little about mechanisms that might explain this increase. The present study uses data from three nationwide representative surveys of 16–17 year-old Norwegian adolescents that were conducted according to identical procedures in 1992, 2002, and 2010 (response rates 97.0, 91.0, 84.3 %, respectively). At each time point, approximately 3,000 adolescents participated (48.8 % girls and 51.2 % boys). Questionnaire data on depressive symptoms and a variety of potential risk and protective factors that might explain time trends in such symptoms were assessed at all time points. The results showed that the prevalence of high scores on depressive symptoms increased significantly between 1992 and 2002 among both boys and girls. No significant changes were observed between 2002 and 2010. The increase from 1992 to 2002 among girls and boys could be partially attributed to increases in eating problems and cannabis use, while reduced satisfaction with own appearance among girls contributed as well. Although the study does not provide information about the causal direction between putative risk factors and depressive symptoms, the results provide some indication that eating problems, cannabis use, and appearance related factors may contribute in explaining secular trends in depressive symptoms.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Secular Trends in Depressive Symptoms Among Norwegian Adolescents from 1992 to 2010
Auteurs
Tilmann von Soest
Lars Wichstrøm
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 3/2014
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-013-9785-1