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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2017

06-06-2017 | Original Paper

Screening of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Geriatric Psychiatry

Auteurs: S. M. J. Heijnen-Kohl, R. M. Kok, R. M. H. J. Wilting, G. Rossi, S. P. J. van Alphen

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2017

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Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are difficult to detect in old age. This study examined if ASD symptoms in older adults (age > 60) can be detected with the Dutch informant personality questionnaire, (Hetero-Anamnestische Persoonlijkheidsvragenlijst, HAP) in a mental health setting. Patients with ASD (N = 40) were compared to patients with a different psychiatric diagnosis (N = 43; personality disorders excluded). The ASD group had significant higher scores on the scales ‘Socially avoidant behavior’, ‘Rigid behavior’ and ‘Unpredictable and impulsive behavior’. These scales were able to discriminate between individuals with or without ASD. The HAP can thus be used as a screening instrument for ASD symptoms in elderly patients. Further research is needed to clarify what items have the best predictive validity for ASD symptoms.
Voetnoten
1
Kurtosis was within range (z < 2) for both groups on all scales. Skewness was within range (z < 2) for the scales ‘perfectionist behavior’ and ‘antagonistic behavior’. Skewness was outside range (z > 2) on the scale ‘somatizing behavior’ for both groups. On the other scales, skewness was outside range (z > 2) for either the ASD or the psychiatric control group. Therefore the results of the t test for these scales are double checked non-parametricly with a Mann–Withney test, which led to the same results.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Screening of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Geriatric Psychiatry
Auteurs
S. M. J. Heijnen-Kohl
R. M. Kok
R. M. H. J. Wilting
G. Rossi
S. P. J. van Alphen
Publicatiedatum
06-06-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2017
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3185-2