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24-11-2022 | Article

School Refusal in Youth: A Systematic Review of Ecological Factors

Auteurs: Karissa Leduc, Anne-Marie Tougas, Virginie Robert, Camille Boulanger

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 4/2024

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Abstract

To guide school practitioners in the identification and intervention of youth with anxious school refusal, this systematic review used an ecological lens to examine the factors that differentiated children and adolescents with school refusal from those without. Based on the rigorous protocol from the Center for Reviews and Dissemination’s (CRD) internationally recognized guidelines, 15 studies examining 67 different factors were identified. Results reveal 44 individual, social and contextual factors that differentiate youth with school refusal from peers without school refusal. Findings highlight the centrality of anxiety, or anxiety-related symptoms, and diverse learning needs as main points of contrast between youth with school refusal and those without. Implications of an ecological understanding of the factors associated with school refusal for selective and indicative prevention by school and mental health practitioners are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
The term «youth» is used to refer to school-aged children between the ages of 5 and 17.
 
2
It is important to note that while some factors such as dependency towards parents, and interpersonal concerns, are of an interpersonal nature due to their association with relationships with others, they were considered to be of an ontosystemic nature because they qualify an individual rather than contextual characteristic by how it is measured (e.g., the Child Behavior Checklist).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
School Refusal in Youth: A Systematic Review of Ecological Factors
Auteurs
Karissa Leduc
Anne-Marie Tougas
Virginie Robert
Camille Boulanger
Publicatiedatum
24-11-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 4/2024
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-022-01469-7

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