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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 10/2010

01-10-2010 | Empirical Research

School Climate for Transgender Youth: A Mixed Method Investigation of Student Experiences and School Responses

Auteurs: Jenifer K. McGuire, Charles R. Anderson, Russell B. Toomey, Stephen T. Russell

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 10/2010

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Abstract

Transgender youth experience negative school environments and may not benefit directly from interventions defined to support Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual (LGB) youth. This study utilized a multi-method approach to consider the issues that transgender students encounter in school environments. Using data from two studies, survey data (total n = 2260, 68 transgender youth) from study 1 and focus groups (n = 35) from study 2, we examine transgender youth’s experience of school harassment, school strategies implemented to reduce harassment, the protective role of supportive school personnel, and individual responses to harassment, including dropping out and changing schools. In both studies, we found that school harassment due to transgender identity was pervasive, and this harassment was negatively associated with feelings of safety. When schools took action to reduce harassment, students reported greater connections to school personnel. Those connections were associated with greater feelings of safety. The indirect effects of school strategies to reduce harassment on feelings of safety through connection to adults were also significant. Focus group data illuminate specific processes schools can engage in to benefit youth, and how the youth experience those interventions.
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Metagegevens
Titel
School Climate for Transgender Youth: A Mixed Method Investigation of Student Experiences and School Responses
Auteurs
Jenifer K. McGuire
Charles R. Anderson
Russell B. Toomey
Stephen T. Russell
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 10/2010
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-010-9540-7