Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The present study examined contextual influences on the relationship between racial discrimination (individual, cultural, and collective/institutional) and psychological well-being. Two hundred and fifty two African American adolescents (46% male and 54% female, average age = 16) completed measures of racial discrimination, self-esteem, depressive symptoms and life satisfaction. Archival information regarding the racial/ethnic composition of the participants’ neighborhoods and schools was used and increased school diversity was linked to increased perceptions of cultural discrimination. Regardless of school and neighborhood diversity, high perceptions of collective/institutional discrimination were linked to lower self-esteem for students in high diversity settings. Further, high levels of collective/institutional discrimination were associated with lower life satisfaction for African American youth in low diversity settings.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. California: Sage Publications.
Brody, G. H., Chen, Y., Murry, V. M., Ge, X., Simons, R. L., Gibbons, F. X., et al. (2006). Perceived discrimination and the adjustment of African American youths: A five-year longitudinal analysis with contextual moderation effects. Child Development, 77, 1170–1189. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00927.x. PubMedCrossRef
Chavous, T. M., Rivas-Drake, D., Smalls, C., Griffin, T., & Cogburn, C. (2008). Gender matters, too: The influences of school racial discrimination and racial identity on academic engagement outcomes among African American adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 44, 637–654. doi: 10.1037/0012-16126.96.36.1997. PubMedCrossRef
Essed, P. (1991). Understanding everyday racism: An Interdisciplinary Theory. Newbury Park, NJ: Sage.
Gee, G. C., Spencer, M. S., Chen, J., Yip, T., & Takeuchi, D. T. (2007). The Association between self-reported racial discrimination and 12-month DSM-IV mental disorders among Asian Americans nationwide. Social Science and Medicine, 64(10), 1984–1996. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.02.013. PubMedCrossRef
Graham, S. (2006). Peer victimization in school: Exploring the ethnic context. Psychological Science, 15, 317–321.
Hunt, M. O., Wise, L. A., Jipguep, M.-C., Cozier, Y. C., & Rosenberg, L. (2007). Neighborhood racial composition and perceptions of racial discrimination: Evidence from the Black Women’s Health Study. Social Psychology Quarterly, 70, 272–289. CrossRef
Jones, J. M. (1997). Prejudice and racism (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw Hill Companies.
Logan, J. R. (2002). Choosing segregation: Racial imbalance in American public schools, 1990–2000. Albany, NY: Lewis Mumford Center for Comparative Urban and Regional Research.
Orfield, G., & Eaton, S. E. (1996). Dismantling desegregation: The quiet reversal of Brown v. Board of Education. New York: New Press.
Rosenberg, M. (1989). Society and the adolescent self-image. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.
Sellers, R. M., Linder, N. C., Martin, P. M., & Lewis, R. L. (2006). Racial identity matters: The relationship between racial discrimination and psychological functioning in African American adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16, 187–216. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2006.00128.x. CrossRef
Swanson, D. P., Spencer, M. B., Harpalani, V., Dupree, D., Noll, E., Ginzburg, S., et al. (2003). Psychosocial development in racially and ethnically diverse youth: Conceptual and methodological challenges in the 21st century. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 711–743. doi: 10.1017/S0954579403000361. CrossRef
Welch, S., Sigelman, L., & Bledsoe, T. (2001). Race and place: Race relationships in an American City. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Williams, D. R., & Collins, C. (2001). Racial residential segregation: A fundamental cause of racial disparities in health. Public Health Reports, 116, 404–415. PubMed
- School and Neighborhood Contexts, Perceptions of Racial Discrimination, and Psychological Well-being Among African American Adolescents
Eleanor K. Seaton
- Springer US