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2014 | OriginalPaper | Hoofdstuk

Schisis en veluminsufficiëntie – anatomische aspecten

december 2004

Auteurs: H.F.M. Peters, R. Bastiaanse, J. Van Borsel, K. Jansonius-Schultheiss, Sj. Van der Meulen, B.J.E. Mondelaers

Gepubliceerd in: Perifere articulatiestoornissen

Uitgeverij: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum

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Samenvatting

Een schisis is een splijting van de lip, de kaak of het gehemelte of een combinatie hiervan. Er bestaat een grote variatie in de verschijningsvorm. De afwijking kan beperkt zijn tot een kleine indeuking in het lippenrood en zo uitgebreid zijn dat de spleet, enkel- of dubbelzijdig, loopt van lip tot huig. In Nederland worden jaarlijks ongeveer 400 kinderen geboren met schisis (Spauwen, 2000; hoofdstuk A4.1 in dit handboek). Een spleet in het gehemelte heeft tot gevolg dat er geen organische scheiding kan worden aangebracht tussen mond en mondkeelholte (oropharynx) en neus en neuskeelholte (nasopharynx); dit heeft vrijwel altijd een nadelig gevolg op de spraak. Hierover gaat het in dit hoofdstuk. Velofaryngeale afsluiting is ook nodig voor het verwerken van voedsel (slikken), stemgeven, ademen en tevens voor blazen en fluiten en tot op zekere hoogte ook voor de beluchting van het middenoor (Spauwen e.a., 1987; Conley e.a., 1997).
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Metagegevens
Titel
Schisis en veluminsufficiëntie – anatomische aspecten
Auteurs
H.F.M. Peters
R. Bastiaanse
J. Van Borsel
K. Jansonius-Schultheiss
Sj. Van der Meulen
B.J.E. Mondelaers
Copyright
2014
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-368-0782-1_6