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We sought to identify indicators associated with the quality of life (QoL) of stroke patients and caregivers.
The cross-sectional study was conducted at nine Dutch stroke service facilities involving 251 stroke patients and their caregivers. We used the EuroQol (EQ-5D) and Satisfaction with Stroke Care questionnaires, and included the variables (1) disability at hospital admission, (2) length of hospital stay, (3) demographic data, and (4) caregivers’ relationship with stroke patients. The Actor–Partner (patient–caregiver) Interdependence Model (APIM) was used to examine dependence between patients’ and caregivers’ QoL scores through dyad membership.
Patients’ age was significantly related to their QoL, and caregivers’ age and educational level were significantly related to their QoL. Patients’ disability on hospital admission and length of stay were associated with patients’ QoL, and their disability on admission was related to caregivers’ QoL. No relationship was found between length of stay and caregivers’ QoL. Satisfaction with care was associated with both patients’ and caregivers’ QoL.
The APIM distinguished the different roles of patients and caregivers while acknowledging the interdependence of their QoL scores. Satisfaction with care was identified as important indicator of stroke patients’ and caregivers’ QoL.
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- Satisfaction with care as a quality-of-life predictor for stroke patients and their caregivers
Jane M. Cramm
Mathilde M. H. Strating
Anna P. Nieboer
- Springer Netherlands