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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 7/2019

24-09-2018

Sad, Scared, or Rejected? A Short-Term Longitudinal Study of the Predictors of Social Avoidance in Chinese Children

Auteurs: Xuechen Ding, Robert J. Coplan, Xinmei Deng, Laura L. Ooi, Dan Li, Biao Sang

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 7/2019

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Abstract

The goal of the present study was to empirically examine different conceptual mechanisms previously postulated to underlie the development of social avoidance in childhood. Participants were N = 601 children (321 boys, 280 girls) attending elementary schools (Mage = 10.21 years) and middle schools (Mage = 12.77 years) in Shanghai, P.R. China. Measures of motivations for social withdrawal (shyness, unsociability, social avoidance) and socio-emotional adjustment were collected using self-reports and peer nominations at two time-points separated by 9 months. Results from cross-lagged panel analyses indicated that: (1) social avoidance and symptoms of social anxiety were not reciprocally related over time; (2) Time 1 social avoidance predicted incremental change in Time 2 peer problems (whereas Time 1 peer problems did not predict incremental change in Time 2 social avoidance); and (3) Time 1 symptoms of depression significantly predicted incremental change in Time 2 social avoidance (whereas Time 1 social avoidance did not predict incremental change in Time 2 symptoms of depression). These results provide evidence in support of depressive symptoms (but not symptoms of social anxiety or peer problems) as a salient predictor of social avoidance. Results are discussed in terms of the development and implications of social avoidance in Chinese culture.

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Voetnoten
1
This policy was changed in 2010 and Chinese parents have since been allowed to have more than one child.
 
2
Of note, there is one item in this version of the CDI that can be viewed as a general assessment of social motivations (i.e., “I like being with people”). The content of this item may potentially overlap with the content of measures of social withdrawal. Accordingly, we recomputed a 13-item version of the CDI (removing this item) and re-ran all analyses. The pattern of results was unchanged. Accordingly, we report all analyses with the complete measure of depression herein, in order to allow for a more direct comparison with previous research.
 
3
Thank you to an anonymous reviewer for this insightful postulation.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Sad, Scared, or Rejected? A Short-Term Longitudinal Study of the Predictors of Social Avoidance in Chinese Children
Auteurs
Xuechen Ding
Robert J. Coplan
Xinmei Deng
Laura L. Ooi
Dan Li
Biao Sang
Publicatiedatum
24-09-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 7/2019
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-018-0476-9