Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
During adolescence, rates of depression dramatically increase and girls become twice as likely as boys to develop depression. Research suggests that overgeneral autobiographical memory and rumination are vulnerability factors for depressive symptoms in adolescence that may be triggered by stressful life events. The current longitudinal study included 160 early adolescents (Mage = 12.44 years, 60.0 % African American, 40.0 % Caucasian, and 56.2 % female). At baseline, adolescents completed measures of current depressive symptoms, rumination, and specificity of autobiographical memories. Approximately 9 months later, the adolescents completed measures of current depressive symptoms and stressful life events that had occurred between baseline and follow-up. Analyses indicated that girls with more overgeneral autobiographical memories in combination with higher levels of rumination were most vulnerable to experiencing increases in depressive symptoms following stressful life events. Additionally, retrieving more specific autobiographical memories appeared to buffer against the impact of negative life events on depressive symptoms among both boys and girls. Memory specificity may play a protective role in depression risk, suggesting that memory specificity training interventions may prove beneficial for adolescents.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abela, J. R. Z., Vanderbilt, E., & Rochon, A. (2004). A test of the integration of the response styles and social support theories of depression in third and seventh grade children. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 23, 653–674. CrossRef
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Anderson, R. J., Goddard, L., & Powell, J. H. (2009). Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory as a moderator of the relationship between daily hassles and depression. Cognition and Emotion, 24, 702–709. CrossRef
Chandler, L. A. (1981). The Source of Stress Inventory. Psychology in the Schools, 18, 164–168. CrossRef
Ciesla, J. A., Felton, J. W., & Roberts, J. E. (2011). Testing the cognitive catalyst model of depression: Does rumination amplify the impact of cognitive diatheses in response to stress? Cognition and Emotion. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2010.543330.
Crossfield, A. G., Alloy, L. B., Gibb, B. E., & Abramson, L. Y. (2002). The development of depressogenic cognitive styles: The role of negative childhood life events and parental inferential feedback. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 16, 487–502. CrossRef
Ge, X., Lorenz, F. O., Conger, R. D., & Elder, G. H. (1994). Trajectories of stressful life events and depressive symptoms during adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 30, 467–483. CrossRef
Gibbs, B. R., & Rude, S. S. (2004). Overgeneral autobiographical memory as depression vulnerability. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 511–526. CrossRef
Hamilton, J. L., Shapero, B. G., Stange, J. P., Hamlat, E. J., Abramson, L. Y., & Alloy, L. B. (2013). Emotional maltreatment, peer victimization, and depressive versus anxiety symptoms during adolescence: Hopelessness as a mediator. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 42, 332–347. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Hampel, P., & Petermann, F. (2005). Age and gender effects on coping in children and adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, 73–83. CrossRef
Hankin, B. L., & Abramson, L. Y. (2002). Measuring cognitive vulnerability to depression in adolescence: Reliability, validity and gender differences. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 31, 491–504. CrossRef
Hipwell, A. E., Sapotichne, B., Klostermann, S., Battista, D., & Keenan, K. (2011). Autobiographical memory as a predictor of depression vulnerability in girls. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 40, 254–265. CrossRef
Jose, P., & Brown, I. (2008). When does the gender difference in rumination begin? Gender and age differences in the use of rumination by adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37, 180–192. CrossRef
Kovacs, M. (1985). The Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI). Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 21, 995–998. PubMed
Natsuaki, M. N., Klimes-Dougan, B., Ge, X., Shirtcliff, E. A., Hastings, P. D., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2009). Early pubertal maturation and internalizing problems in adolescence: Sex differences in the role of cortisol reactivity to interpersonal stress. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38(4), 513–524. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Neshat-Doost, H. T., Dalgleish, T., Yule, W., Kalantari, M., Ahmadi, S. J., Dyregrov, A., et al. (2012). Enhancing autobiographical memory specificity through cognitive training: An intervention for depression translated from basic science. Clinical Psychological Science, 1, 84–92. CrossRef
Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Wisco, B. E., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2008). Rethinking rumination. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3(5), 400–424. CrossRef
Park, R. J., Goodyer, I. M., & Teasdale, J. D. (2004). Effects of induced rumination and distraction on mood and overgeneral autobiographical memory in adolescent major depressive disorder and controls. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 5, 996–1006. CrossRef
Raes, F., Schoofs, H., Griffith, J. W., & Hermans, D. (2012). Rumination relates to reduced autobiographical memory specificity in formerly depressed patients following a self-discrepancy challenge: The case of autobiographical memory specificity reactivity. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 43, 1002–1007. CrossRefPubMed
Robinson, M. S., & Alloy, L. B. (2003). Negative cognitive styles and stress-reactive rumination interact to predict depression: A prospective study. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27, 275–292. CrossRef
Romero, N., Vazquez, C., & Sanchez, A. (2013). Rumination and specificity of autobiographical memory in dysphoria. Memory. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2013.811254.
Shih, J. H., Eberhart, N. K., Hammen, C. L., & Brennan, P. A. (2006). Differential exposure and reactivity to interpersonal stress predict sex differences in adolescent depression. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 35(1), 103–115. CrossRef
Stange, J. P., Boccia, A. S., Shapero, B. G., Molz, A. R., Flynn, M., Matt, L. M., et al. (2013a). Emotion regulation characteristics and cognitive vulnerabilities interact to predict depressive symptoms in individuals at risk for bipolar disorder: A prospective behavioral high-risk study. Cognition and Emotion, 27(1), 63–84. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Stange, J. P., Hamilton, J. L., Abramson, L. Y., & Alloy, L. B. (2013b). A vulnerability–stress examination of response styles theory in adolescence: Stressors, sex differences, and symptom specificity. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2013.812037.
Stange, J. P., Hamlat, E. J., Hamilton, J. L., Abramson, L. Y., & Alloy, L. B. (2013c). Overgeneral autobiographical memory, emotional maltreatment, and depressive symptoms in adolescence: Evidence of a cognitive vulnerability–stress interaction. Journal of Adolescence, 36, 201–208. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Wessel, I., Postma, I. R., Huntjens, R. J. C., Crane, C., Smets, J., Zeeman, G. G., et al. (2013). Differential correlates of autobiographical memory specificity to affective and self-discrepant cues. Memory. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2013.811255.
Williams, J. M. G. (1996). Depression and the specificity of autobiographical memory. In D. C. Rubin (Ed.), Remembering our past: Studies in autobiographical memory (pp. 244–267). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
- Rumination and Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory in Adolescents: An Integration of Cognitive Vulnerabilities to Depression
Elissa J. Hamlat
Samantha L. Connolly
Jessica L. Hamilton
Jonathan P. Stange
Lyn Y. Abramson
Lauren B. Alloy
- Springer US