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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 1/2016

23-08-2015

Rumination and Cognitive Distraction in Major Depressive Disorder: an Examination of Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia

Auteurs: Joelle LeMoult, K. Lira Yoon, Jutta Joormann

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 1/2016

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Abstract

Difficulty regulating emotions following stressful events is a hallmark of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Although individuals’ ability to regulate their emotions is believed to have direct consequences for both emotional and physical wellbeing, few studies have examined the cardiovascular effects of different emotion regulation strategies in MDD. The current study is the first to examine the effects of two emotion regulation strategies, cognitive distraction and rumination, on both self-reported sadness and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in individuals with MDD and healthy controls (CTLs). Following a forced-failure stressor, participants were randomly assigned to a rumination or cognitive distraction condition. As expected, rumination increased sadness and triggered RSA withdrawal for both MDDs and CTLs. Interestingly, although cognitive distraction reduced sadness, it also triggered RSA withdrawal. Moreover, cognitive distraction was associated with greater RSA withdrawal for MDDs than CTLs. Thus, although depressed individuals are able to use cognitive distraction to emotionally recover from stress, it may be associated with greater cognitive effort. Adding low-cost physiological measures such as RSA into assessments has the potential to offer new and important information about the effects of emotion regulation on mental and physiological health.
Voetnoten
1
Including sex as a covariate did not affect the significant diagnostic group by R/D condition interaction, F(1, 79) = 6.76, p = .01, η2 = 0.08. There were no significant main or interactive effects with sex, Fs < 1.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Rumination and Cognitive Distraction in Major Depressive Disorder: an Examination of Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia
Auteurs
Joelle LeMoult
K. Lira Yoon
Jutta Joormann
Publicatiedatum
23-08-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 1/2016
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-015-9510-1

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