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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2014

01-01-2014 | Empirical Research

“Role Magnets”? An Empirical Investigation of Popularity Trajectories for Life-Course Persistent Individuals During Adolescence

Auteur: Jacob T. N. Young

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2014

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Abstract

Recent scholarship has focused on the role of social status in peer groups to explain the fact that delinquency is disproportionately committed during adolescence. Yet, the precise mechanism linking adolescence, social status, and antisocial behavior is not well understood. Dual-taxonomy postulates a testable mechanism that links the sudden increase in risky behavior among adolescents to the social magnetism of a small group of persistently antisocial individuals, referred to here as the “role magnet” hypothesis. Using semi-parametric group-based trajectory modeling and growth-curve modeling, this study provides the first test of this hypothesis by examining physical violence and popularity trajectories for 1,845 male respondents age 11–32 from a nationally representative sample (54 % non-Hispanic White; 21 % non-Hispanic African American; 17 % Hispanic; 8 % Asian). Individuals assigned to a “chronic violence” trajectory group showed consistently lower average levels of popularity from 11 to 19. But, these same individuals experienced increases in popularity during early adolescence and subsequent declines in late adolescence. These findings are linked to current research examining social status as a mechanism generating antisocial behavior during adolescence and the consequences of delayed entry into adult roles.
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Metagegevens
Titel
“Role Magnets”? An Empirical Investigation of Popularity Trajectories for Life-Course Persistent Individuals During Adolescence
Auteur
Jacob T. N. Young
Publicatiedatum
01-01-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2014
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-9946-0