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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2012

01-11-2012 | Original Paper

Risk Factors Associated with Self-Injurious Behaviors in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Emma G. Duerden, Hannah K. Oatley, Kathleen M. Mak-Fan, Patricia A. McGrath, Margot J. Taylor, Peter Szatmari, S. Wendy Roberts

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2012

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Abstract

While self-injurious behaviors (SIB) can cause significant morbidity for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), little is known about its associated risk factors. We assessed 7 factors that may influence self-injury in a large cohort of children with ASD: (a) atypical sensory processing; (b) impaired cognitive ability; (c) abnormal functional communication; (d) abnormal social functioning; (e) age; (f) the need for sameness; (g) rituals and compulsions. Half (52.3%, n = 126) of the children (n = 241, aged 2–19 years) demonstrated SIB. Abnormal sensory processing was the strongest single predictor of self-injury followed by sameness, impaired cognitive ability and social functioning. Since atypical sensory processing and sameness have a greater relative impact on SIB, treatment approaches that focus on these factors may be beneficial in reducing self-harm in children with ASD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Risk Factors Associated with Self-Injurious Behaviors in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Emma G. Duerden
Hannah K. Oatley
Kathleen M. Mak-Fan
Patricia A. McGrath
Margot J. Taylor
Peter Szatmari
S. Wendy Roberts
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1497-9

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