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06-07-2022 | Original Article

Revisiting the self-generation effect in proofreading

Auteurs: Alexander P. Burgoyne, Sari Saba-Sadiya, Lauren Julius Harris, Mark W. Becker, Jan W. Brascamp, David Z. Hambrick

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research

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Abstract

The self-generation effect refers to the finding that people’s memory for information tends to be better when they generate it themselves. Counterintuitively, when proofreading, this effect may make it more difficult to detect mistakes in one’s own writing than in others’ writing. We investigated the self-generation effect and sources of individual differences in proofreading performance in two eye-tracking experiments. Experiment 1 failed to reveal a self-generation effect. Experiment 2 used a studying manipulation to induce overfamiliarity for self-generated text, revealing a weak but non-significant self-generation effect. Overall, word errors (i.e., wrong words) were detected less often than non-word errors (i.e., misspellings), and function word errors were detected less often than content word errors. Fluid intelligence predicted proofreading performance, whereas reading comprehension, working memory capacity, processing speed, and indicators of miserly cognitive processing did not. Students who made more text fixations and spent more time proofreading detected more errors.
Voetnoten
1
We thank David MacFarlane for his help developing the proofreading program.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Revisiting the self-generation effect in proofreading
Auteurs
Alexander P. Burgoyne
Sari Saba-Sadiya
Lauren Julius Harris
Mark W. Becker
Jan W. Brascamp
David Z. Hambrick
Publicatiedatum
06-07-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-022-01699-3