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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 3/2020

31-08-2018 | Original Article

Retrieval-based skill learning: testing promotes the acquisition of scientific experimentation skills

Auteurs: Tobias Tempel, Katrin Kaufmann, Johanna Kranz, Andrea Möller

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 3/2020

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Abstract

We investigated whether retrieval-based learning can facilitate the acquisition of cognitive skills, focusing on the control-of-variables strategy. This core scientific experimentation skill is regularly taught in science education classes because understanding it is essential for understanding experimental investigations in science. In the present study, participants initially read a text explaining the control-of-variables strategy. We compared the effects of subsequent retrieval practice and restudy of the text in performing a transfer test requiring the application of the control-of-variables strategy by judging the validity of a number of experimental designs. In addition, recall of the initially studied text was assessed as well. Repeated retrieval practice in combination with restudy opportunities resulted in better performance in both the transfer test and the recall test as compared to mere restudy or a single study opportunity. These findings demonstrate that retrieval practice is a useful tool for promoting deep conceptual learning.
Voetnoten
1
We used a text that was appropriate for comprehension by 10- to 12-year old children because this is the typical age level for teaching about CVS in school. Therefore, materials introducing and explaining CVS commonly target that age. We assumed that using a text with more elaborate or sophisticated terms unnecessarily could have resulted in a rather artificial phrasing of what CVS is.
 
2
There were a few cases in which participants typed in that they had clicked the wrong button by mistake and then gave reasons for the correct choice. These cases were counted as correct responses.
 
3
One participant did not write down any response during the direct memory test. We excluded this participant from the analysis of recall performance.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Irtel, H. (2007). PXLab: The psychological experiments laboratory [online]. Version 2.1.11. Mannheim (Germany): University of Mannheim. Available from http://www.pxlab.de. Irtel, H. (2007). PXLab: The psychological experiments laboratory [online]. Version 2.1.11. Mannheim (Germany): University of Mannheim. Available from http://​www.​pxlab.​de.
go back to reference Kuhn, D., Garcia-Mila, M., Zohar, A., & Anderson, C. (1995). Strategies and knowledge acquisition. Monographs of the society for research in child development (Vol. 60). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Kuhn, D., Garcia-Mila, M., Zohar, A., & Anderson, C. (1995). Strategies and knowledge acquisition. Monographs of the society for research in child development (Vol. 60). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Metagegevens
Titel
Retrieval-based skill learning: testing promotes the acquisition of scientific experimentation skills
Auteurs
Tobias Tempel
Katrin Kaufmann
Johanna Kranz
Andrea Möller
Publicatiedatum
31-08-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 3/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-018-1088-2

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