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01-05-2014 | Original Paper | Uitgave 5/2014

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2014

Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Typical Development: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Comparisons

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 5/2014
Auteurs:
Clare Harrop, Helen McConachie, Richard Emsley, Kathy Leadbitter, Jonathan Green, The PACT Consortium
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Sections of this work have been presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research (2009; 2013).
PACT Consortium members: Catherine Aldred, Barbara Barrett, Sam Barron, Karen Beggs, Laura Blazey, Katy Bourne, Sarah Byford, Tony Charman, Julia Collino, Ruth Colmer, Anna Cutress, Tori Houghton, Pat Howlin, Kristelle Hudry, Dharmi Kapadia, Ann Le Couteur, Sue Leach, Wendy Macdonald, Andrew Pickles, Sarah Randles, Vicky Slonims, Carol Taylor, Kathryn Temple and Lydia White.

Abstract

Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are characteristic of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, compared to social and communicative impairments, less is known about their development, trajectory and etiology. This study explored RRBs in young children with ASD matched to typically developing (TD) children on non-verbal development. RRBs were coded from direct observation at three time points within 13 months of development. Children with ASD displayed higher frequency and greater diversity of RRBs at all time points, however RRBs were not unique to ASD and evident in the TD control group albeit at a reduced frequency. RRBs did not correlate with social and communicative impairments in the ASD group, suggesting dissociation between these domains.

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