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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2018

21-06-2018 | Original Paper

Response to Distress Varies by Social Impairment and Familiarity in Infants at Risk for Autism

Auteurs: Alexandra C. Dowd, Kassandra Martinez, Bridget C. Davidson, J. Gregory Hixon, A. Rebecca Neal-Beevers

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2018

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Abstract

Early impaired response to social partners’ distress may negatively impact subsequent social development. Identifying factors contributing to successful responding may inform assessment and intervention. This study explores how: (1) social impairment, and (2) partner familiarity relate to response to partners’ distress. Infants with and without older siblings with ASD were assessed at 12 (n = 29) and 15 (n = 35) months for social impairment markers, and responses to mother and experimenter each feigning distress. Infants with more social impairment showed less attention and affect at 15, but not 12 months. Infants attended more to the unfamiliar person, but exhibited greater affect toward the familiar person at 12 months. Results revealed social impairment and familiarity were separately related to infant response to partners’ distress.

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1
To further examine the possible influence of the HR infants who did not enroll in the study until 15 months (n = 6), the data for these infants were removed and the analyses were re-run. The results remained consistent with the optimal models of ASD Severity when these infants were removed.
 
2
See Online Resource 1 for a table of means and standard deviations of the ASD Markers calculated at 12 and 15 months for the entire sample, as well as for the HR and LR groups. As expected based on previous research (Gammer et al. 2015), t-tests showed the HR infants had significantly more ASD Markers than the LR infants at 12 (t(39.3) = 3.57, p < .001) and 15 months (t(62.6) = 5.22, p < .001), as well as significantly greater ASD Severity at 12 (t(40.) = 3.62, p < .001) and 15 months (t(61.02) = 5.18, p < .001).
 
3
See Online Resource 2 for the distribution of ASD Markers within the HR and LR groups.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Response to Distress Varies by Social Impairment and Familiarity in Infants at Risk for Autism
Auteurs
Alexandra C. Dowd
Kassandra Martinez
Bridget C. Davidson
J. Gregory Hixon
A. Rebecca Neal-Beevers
Publicatiedatum
21-06-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3653-3