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17-02-2015 | Original Paper | Uitgave 11/2015

Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2015

Resources, Exposure to Trauma, and the Behavioral Health of Youth Receiving Public System Services

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 11/2015
Auteurs:
Sarah Accomazzo, Nathaniel Israel, Stephanie Romney

Abstract

Using Conservation of Resources Theory (COR), the current study examined the relationship between exposure to trauma, resources, and behavioral health in a prospective longitudinal cohort of youth in a public behavioral health system. The sample includes 303 youth, aged 5–19, who had received 6 months of treatment-as-usual in an urban, diverse public behavioral health system, and who had experienced at least one type of trauma. Youth entered treatment with an average of four types of trauma and five accessible resources. Consistent with COR, multivariate regression model results showed that both lifetime exposure to trauma and youth resources were significantly associated with behavioral health needs, upon entry to treatment and after 6 months of treatment. Losing resources over 6 months of treatment was associated with greater behavioral health needs, while maintaining or gaining resources over 6 months of treatment was associated with fewer behavioral health needs. This study highlights the need to explore resource gain and resource loss among clients with trauma exposure receiving services in a public system, further test COR-related hypotheses in treatment settings, and develop applicable, multi-level interventions.

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