Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Prior person-centered research has consistently identified a subgroup of highly religious participants that uses significantly less alcohol when compared to the other subgroups. The construct of religious motivation is absent from existing examinations of the nuanced combinations of religiousness dimensions within persons, and alcohol expectancy valuations have yet to be included as outcome variables. Variable-centered approaches have found religious motivation and alcohol expectancy valuations to play a protective role against individuals’ hazardous alcohol use. The current study examined latent religiousness profiles and hazardous alcohol use in a large, multisite sample of ethnically diverse college students. The sample consisted of 7412 college students aged 18–25 (M age = 19.77, SD age = 1.61; 75 % female; 61 % European American). Three latent profiles were derived from measures of religious involvement, salience, and religious motivations: Quest-Intrinsic Religiousness (highest levels of salience, involvement, and quest and intrinsic motivations; lowest level of extrinsic motivation), Moderate Religiousness (intermediate levels of salience, involvement, and motivations) and Extrinsic Religiousness (lowest levels of salience, involvement, and quest and intrinsic motivations; highest level of extrinsic motivation). The Quest-Intrinsic Religiousness profile scored significantly lower on hazardous alcohol use, positive expectancy outcomes, positive expectancy valuations, and negative expectancy valuations, and significantly higher on negative expectancy outcomes, compared to the other two profiles. The Extrinsic and Moderate Religiousness profiles did not differ significantly on positive expectancy outcomes, negative expectancy outcomes, negative expectancy valuations, or hazardous alcohol use. The results advance existing research by demonstrating that the protective influence of religiousness on college students’ hazardous alcohol use may involve high levels on both quest and intrinsic religious motivation.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Albright, C. R. (2006). Spiritual growth, cognition, and complexity: Faith as a dynamic process. In J. D. Koss-Chioino & P. Hefner (Eds.), Spiritual transformation and healing: Anthropological, theological, neuroscientific, and clinical perspectives (pp. 168–186). Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.
Babor, T. F., Higgins-Biddle, J. C., Saunders, J. B., & Monteiro, M. G. (2001). AUDIT: The alcohol use disorders identification test—guidelines for use in primary care (2nd ed.). Geneva: World Health Organization.
Bakan, D. (1966). The duality of human existence: An essay on psychology and religion. Oxford: Rand McNally.
Batson, D. C., Schoenrade, P., & Ventis, W. L. (1993). Religion and the individual: A social-psychological perspective. New York: Oxford University Press. (Original work published 1982).
Berry, D., Bass, C. P., Shimp-Fassler, C., & Succop, P. (2013). Risk, religiosity, and emerging adulthood: Description of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim university students at entering the freshman year. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 16, 695–710. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2012.715145. CrossRef
Celeux, G., & Soromenho, G. (1996). An entropy criterion for assessing the number of clusters in a mixture model. Journal of Classification, 13, 195–212. CrossRef
Cook, K. V., Kimball, C. N., Leonard, K. C., & Boyatzis, C. J. (2014). The complexity of quest in emerging adults’ religiosity, well-being, and identity. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 53, 73–89. CrossRef
Fife, J. E., Sayles, H. R., Adegoke, A. A., McCoy, J., Stovall, M., & Verdant, C. (2011). Religious typologies and health risk behaviors of African American college students. North American Journal of Psychology, 13, 313–330.
Hall, T. W., Fujikawa, A., Halcrow, S. R., Hill, P. C., & Delaney, H. (2009). Attachment to God and implicit spirituality: Clarifying correspondence and compensation models. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 37, 227–244.
Hill, P. C., & Hood, R. W. (1999). Measures of religiosity. Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.
Jankowski, P. J., & Sandage, S. J. (2014). Attachment to God and dispositional humility: Indirect effect and conditional effects models. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 42, 70–82.
Ji, C. C. (2004). Religious orientations in moral development. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 23, 22–30.
Layton, E., Hardy, S. A., & Dollahite, D. C. (2012). Religious exploration among highly-religious American adolescents. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 12, 157–184. CrossRef
Neyrinck, B., Lens, W., Vansteenkiste, M., & Soenens, B. (2010). Updating Allport’s and Batson’s framework of religious orientations: A reevaluation from the perspective of self-determination theory and Wulff’s social cognitive model. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 49, 425–438. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5906.2010.01520.x. CrossRef
Perry, W. G, Jr. (1970). Forms of intellectual and ethical development in the college years. Oxford: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
Sandage, S. J., Link, D. C., & Jankowski, P. J. (2010). Quest and spiritual development moderated by spiritual transformation. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 38, 15–31.
Smith, C., & Denton, M. L. (2005). Soul searching: The religious and spiritual lives of American teenagers. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Smith, C., & Snell, P. (2009). Souls in transition: The religious and spiritual lives of emerging adults. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Steger, M. F., Pickering, N. K., Adams, E., Burnett, J., Shin, J., Dik, B. J., & Stauner, N. (2010). The quest for meaning: Religious affiliation differences in the correlates of religious quest and search for meaning in life. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2, 206–226. doi: 10.1037/a0019122. CrossRef
Worthington, E. L, Jr, Wade, N. G., Hight, T. L., Ripley, J. S., McCullough, M. E., Berry, J. E., et al. (2003). The Religious Commitment Inventory-10: Development, refinement, and validation of a brief scale for research and counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 50, 84–96. doi: 10.1037/0022-0184.108.40.206. CrossRef
Zamboanga, B. L., & Ham, L. S. (2008). Alcohol expectancies and context-specific drinking behaviors among female college athletes. Behavior Therapy, 39, 161–170. CrossRef
Zamboanga, B. L., Ham, L. S., Olthuis, J. V., Martens, M. P., Grossbard, J. R., & Van Tyne, K. (2012). Alcohol expectancies and risky drinking behaviors among high school athletes: ‘I’d rather keep my head in the game’. Prevention Science, 13, 140–149. doi: 10.1007/s11121-011-0252-3. CrossRefPubMed
Zamboanga, B. L., Olthuis, J. V., Kenney, S. R., Correia, C. J., Van Tyne, K., Ham, L. S., & Borsari, B. (2014). Not just fun and games: A review of college drinking games research from 2004 to 2013. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 28, 682–695. doi: 10.1037/a0036639. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
- Religiousness and Levels of Hazardous Alcohol Use: A Latent Profile Analysis
Peter J. Jankowski
Sam A. Hardy
Byron L. Zamboanga
Lindsay S. Ham
Seth J. Schwartz
Su Yeong Kim
Larry F. Forthun
Melina M. Bersamin
Roxanne A. Donovan
Susan Krauss Whitbourne
Eric A. Hurley
Miguel Ángel Cano
- Springer US