Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 5/2016

14-12-2015 | Original Article

Reliability and Validity of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale for Parents in Mainland Chinese Children and Adolescents

Auteurs: Meifang Wang, Qingxiao Meng, Li Liu, Jintong Liu

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 5/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study examined the psychometric properties of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale for Parents (SCAS-P) in 1943 father-mother dyads and 1785 students. Results of confirmatory factor analyses for SCAS-P were in favour of the original model with six correlated factors. The internal consistency of SCAS-P was acceptable (α = .63–.91), and the test–retest reliability was acceptable (r = .46–.72). The convergent and divergent validity of SCAS-P was supported by significant correlations with an internalizing subscale to a greater extent than with an externalizing subscale. Congruent validity was supported by significant correlations between father and mother reports (r = .60–.71) and child and parent reports (r = .25–.42). Significant differences between community and clinical samples supported the discriminant validity. Adolescents showed higher anxiety levels than children, and girls showed higher anxiety levels than boys. Our findings suggest that the SCAS-P is a suitable parent instrument to measure child anxiety symptoms in Mainland Chinese children and adolescents.
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference Baumeister H, Härter M (2007) Prevalence of mental disorders based on general population surveys. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:537–546 CrossRefPubMed Baumeister H, Härter M (2007) Prevalence of mental disorders based on general population surveys. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:537–546 CrossRefPubMed
2.
go back to reference Kessler RC, Berglund P, Demler O, Jin R, Merikangas KR, Walters EE (2005) Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:593–602 CrossRefPubMed Kessler RC, Berglund P, Demler O, Jin R, Merikangas KR, Walters EE (2005) Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:593–602 CrossRefPubMed
3.
go back to reference Costello EJ, Egger HL, Copeland W, Erkanli A, Angold A (2011) The developmental epidemiology of anxiety disorders: phenomenology prevalence and comorbidity. Anxiety Disord Child Adolesc Res Assess Interv 2:56–75 CrossRef Costello EJ, Egger HL, Copeland W, Erkanli A, Angold A (2011) The developmental epidemiology of anxiety disorders: phenomenology prevalence and comorbidity. Anxiety Disord Child Adolesc Res Assess Interv 2:56–75 CrossRef
4.
go back to reference Axelson DA, Birmaher B (2001) Relation between anxiety and depressive disorders in childhood and adolescence. Depress Anxiety 14:67–78 CrossRefPubMed Axelson DA, Birmaher B (2001) Relation between anxiety and depressive disorders in childhood and adolescence. Depress Anxiety 14:67–78 CrossRefPubMed
5.
go back to reference Merikangas KR, Avenevoli S (2002) Epidemiology of mood and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Textb Psychiatr Epidemiol 2:657–704 CrossRef Merikangas KR, Avenevoli S (2002) Epidemiology of mood and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Textb Psychiatr Epidemiol 2:657–704 CrossRef
6.
7.
go back to reference Keller MB, Lavori PW, Wunder J, Beardslee WR, Schwartz CE, Roth J (1992) Chronic course of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 31:595–599 CrossRefPubMed Keller MB, Lavori PW, Wunder J, Beardslee WR, Schwartz CE, Roth J (1992) Chronic course of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 31:595–599 CrossRefPubMed
8.
go back to reference Muris P, Loxton H, Neumann A, du Plessis M, King N, Ollendick T (2006) DSM-defined anxiety disorders symptoms in South African youths: their assessment and relationship with perceived parental rearing behaviors. Behav Res Ther 44:883–896 CrossRefPubMed Muris P, Loxton H, Neumann A, du Plessis M, King N, Ollendick T (2006) DSM-defined anxiety disorders symptoms in South African youths: their assessment and relationship with perceived parental rearing behaviors. Behav Res Ther 44:883–896 CrossRefPubMed
9.
go back to reference Silverman WK, Ollendick TH (2005) Evidence-based assessment of anxiety and its disorders in children and adolescents. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 34:380–411 CrossRefPubMed Silverman WK, Ollendick TH (2005) Evidence-based assessment of anxiety and its disorders in children and adolescents. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 34:380–411 CrossRefPubMed
10.
go back to reference Reynolds CR, Richmond BO (1978) What I think and feel: a revised measure of children’s manifest anxiety. J Abnorm Child Psychol 6:271–280 CrossRefPubMed Reynolds CR, Richmond BO (1978) What I think and feel: a revised measure of children’s manifest anxiety. J Abnorm Child Psychol 6:271–280 CrossRefPubMed
11.
go back to reference Spielberger CD, Edwards CD (1973) STAIC preliminary manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (“How I feel questionnaire”). Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto Spielberger CD, Edwards CD (1973) STAIC preliminary manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (“How I feel questionnaire”). Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto
12.
go back to reference Ollendick TH (1983) Reliability and validity of the revised fear survey schedule for children (FSSC-R). Behav Res Ther 21:685–692 CrossRefPubMed Ollendick TH (1983) Reliability and validity of the revised fear survey schedule for children (FSSC-R). Behav Res Ther 21:685–692 CrossRefPubMed
13.
go back to reference Spence SH (1997) Structure of anxiety symptoms among children: a confirmatory factor-analytic study. J Abnorm Psychol 106:280 CrossRefPubMed Spence SH (1997) Structure of anxiety symptoms among children: a confirmatory factor-analytic study. J Abnorm Psychol 106:280 CrossRefPubMed
14.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. American Psychiatric Association, Washington, pp 471–475 American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. American Psychiatric Association, Washington, pp 471–475
15.
go back to reference Whiteside SP, Brown AM (2008) Exploring the utility of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scales parent-and child-report forms in a North American sample. J Anxiety Disord 22:1440–1446 CrossRefPubMed Whiteside SP, Brown AM (2008) Exploring the utility of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scales parent-and child-report forms in a North American sample. J Anxiety Disord 22:1440–1446 CrossRefPubMed
16.
go back to reference Essau CA, Sasagawa S, Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous X, Guzmán BO, Ollendick TH (2011) Psychometric properties of the Spence Child Anxiety Scale with adolescents from five European countries. J Anxiety Disord 25:19–27 CrossRefPubMed Essau CA, Sasagawa S, Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous X, Guzmán BO, Ollendick TH (2011) Psychometric properties of the Spence Child Anxiety Scale with adolescents from five European countries. J Anxiety Disord 25:19–27 CrossRefPubMed
17.
go back to reference Ishikawa SI, Sato H, Sasagawa S (2009) Anxiety disorder symptoms in Japanese children and adolescents. J Anxiety Disord 23:104–111 CrossRefPubMed Ishikawa SI, Sato H, Sasagawa S (2009) Anxiety disorder symptoms in Japanese children and adolescents. J Anxiety Disord 23:104–111 CrossRefPubMed
18.
go back to reference Li JCH, Lau WY, Au TKF (2011) Psychometric properties of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale in a Hong Kong Chinese community sample. J Anxiety Disord 25:584–591 CrossRef Li JCH, Lau WY, Au TKF (2011) Psychometric properties of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale in a Hong Kong Chinese community sample. J Anxiety Disord 25:584–591 CrossRef
19.
go back to reference Zhao J, Xing X, Wang M (2012) Psychometric properties of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale (SCAS) in Mainland Chinese children and adolescents. J Anxiety Disord 26:728–736 CrossRefPubMed Zhao J, Xing X, Wang M (2012) Psychometric properties of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale (SCAS) in Mainland Chinese children and adolescents. J Anxiety Disord 26:728–736 CrossRefPubMed
20.
go back to reference Nauta MH, Scholing A, Rapee RM, Abbott M, Spence SH, Waters A (2004) A parent-report measure of children’s anxiety: psychometric properties and comparison with child-report in a clinic and normal sample. Behav Res Ther 42:813–839 CrossRefPubMed Nauta MH, Scholing A, Rapee RM, Abbott M, Spence SH, Waters A (2004) A parent-report measure of children’s anxiety: psychometric properties and comparison with child-report in a clinic and normal sample. Behav Res Ther 42:813–839 CrossRefPubMed
21.
go back to reference Nauta MH, Scholing A, Emmelkamp PM, Minderaa RB (2003) Cognitive-behavioral therapy for children with anxiety disorders in a clinical setting: no additional effect of a cognitive parent training. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:1270–1278 CrossRefPubMed Nauta MH, Scholing A, Emmelkamp PM, Minderaa RB (2003) Cognitive-behavioral therapy for children with anxiety disorders in a clinical setting: no additional effect of a cognitive parent training. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:1270–1278 CrossRefPubMed
22.
go back to reference Arendt K, Hougaard E, Thastum M (2014) Psychometric properties of the child and parent versions of Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale in a Danish community and clinical sample. J Anxiety Disord 28:947–956 CrossRefPubMed Arendt K, Hougaard E, Thastum M (2014) Psychometric properties of the child and parent versions of Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale in a Danish community and clinical sample. J Anxiety Disord 28:947–956 CrossRefPubMed
23.
go back to reference Lin LH, Ho YL (2009) Confucian dynamism culture and ethical changes in Chinese societies—a comparative study of China Taiwan and Hong Kong. Int J Hum Resour Manag 20:2402–2417 CrossRef Lin LH, Ho YL (2009) Confucian dynamism culture and ethical changes in Chinese societies—a comparative study of China Taiwan and Hong Kong. Int J Hum Resour Manag 20:2402–2417 CrossRef
24.
go back to reference Bouldin P, Pratt C (1998) Utilizing parent report to investigate young children’s fears: a modification of the Fear Survey Schedule for Children—II: a research note. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 39:271–277 CrossRefPubMed Bouldin P, Pratt C (1998) Utilizing parent report to investigate young children’s fears: a modification of the Fear Survey Schedule for Children—II: a research note. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 39:271–277 CrossRefPubMed
26.
go back to reference Wang M, Liu L, Jin Y (2015) Parental psychological aggression and children’s anxiety: mediating role of children’s self-esteem Chinese. Chin J Clin Psychol 23:273–276 Wang M, Liu L, Jin Y (2015) Parental psychological aggression and children’s anxiety: mediating role of children’s self-esteem Chinese. Chin J Clin Psychol 23:273–276
27.
go back to reference Achenbach TM, Howell CT, Quay HC, Conners CK, Bates JE (1991) National survey of problems and competencies among four-to sixteen-year-olds: parents’ reports for normative and clinical samples. Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 56:1–130 CrossRefPubMed Achenbach TM, Howell CT, Quay HC, Conners CK, Bates JE (1991) National survey of problems and competencies among four-to sixteen-year-olds: parents’ reports for normative and clinical samples. Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 56:1–130 CrossRefPubMed
28.
go back to reference Liu L, Wang M (2015) Parenting stress and children’s problem behavior in China: the mediating role of parental psychological aggression. J Fam Psychol 29:20 CrossRefPubMed Liu L, Wang M (2015) Parenting stress and children’s problem behavior in China: the mediating role of parental psychological aggression. J Fam Psychol 29:20 CrossRefPubMed
29.
go back to reference Marsh HW, Hau KT (1996) Assessing goodness of fit: is parsimony always desirable? J Exp Educ 64:364–390 CrossRef Marsh HW, Hau KT (1996) Assessing goodness of fit: is parsimony always desirable? J Exp Educ 64:364–390 CrossRef
30.
go back to reference Hu LT, Bentler PM (1999) Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Struct Equ Model Multidiscip J 6:1–55 CrossRef Hu LT, Bentler PM (1999) Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Struct Equ Model Multidiscip J 6:1–55 CrossRef
31.
go back to reference Cheung GW, Rensvold RB (2002) Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Struct Equ Model 9:233–255 CrossRef Cheung GW, Rensvold RB (2002) Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Struct Equ Model 9:233–255 CrossRef
32.
go back to reference Sawilowsky SS (2007) Real data analysis. Oxford University Press, New York Sawilowsky SS (2007) Real data analysis. Oxford University Press, New York
33.
go back to reference Marsh HW, Hocevar D (1985) Application of confirmatory factor analysis to the study of self-concept: first-and higher order factor models and their invariance across groups. Psychol Bull 97:562 CrossRef Marsh HW, Hocevar D (1985) Application of confirmatory factor analysis to the study of self-concept: first-and higher order factor models and their invariance across groups. Psychol Bull 97:562 CrossRef
34.
go back to reference Meng XL, Rosenthal R, Rubin DB (1992) Comparing correlated correlation coefficients. Psychol Bull 111:172 CrossRef Meng XL, Rosenthal R, Rubin DB (1992) Comparing correlated correlation coefficients. Psychol Bull 111:172 CrossRef
35.
go back to reference Lewinsohn PM, Gotlib IH, Lewinsohn M, Seeley JR, Allen NB (1998) Gender differences in anxiety disorders and anxiety symptoms in adolescents. J Abnorm Psychol 107:109 CrossRefPubMed Lewinsohn PM, Gotlib IH, Lewinsohn M, Seeley JR, Allen NB (1998) Gender differences in anxiety disorders and anxiety symptoms in adolescents. J Abnorm Psychol 107:109 CrossRefPubMed
36.
go back to reference Ginsburg GS, Silverman WK (2000) Gender role orientation and fearfulness in children with anxiety disorders. J Anxiety Disord 14:57–67 CrossRefPubMed Ginsburg GS, Silverman WK (2000) Gender role orientation and fearfulness in children with anxiety disorders. J Anxiety Disord 14:57–67 CrossRefPubMed
37.
go back to reference Najman JM, Williams GM, Nikles J, Spence S, Bor W, O’Callaghan M, Shuttlewood GJ (2001) Bias influencing maternal reports of child behaviour and emotional state. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 36:186–194 CrossRefPubMed Najman JM, Williams GM, Nikles J, Spence S, Bor W, O’Callaghan M, Shuttlewood GJ (2001) Bias influencing maternal reports of child behaviour and emotional state. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 36:186–194 CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Reliability and Validity of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale for Parents in Mainland Chinese Children and Adolescents
Auteurs
Meifang Wang
Qingxiao Meng
Li Liu
Jintong Liu
Publicatiedatum
14-12-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 5/2016
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-015-0615-2