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01-02-2013 | Original Paper | Uitgave 2/2013

Journal of Child and Family Studies 2/2013

Reliability and Validity of the Dyadic Observed Communication Scale (DOCS)

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 2/2013
Auteurs:
Wendy Hadley, Angela Stewart, Heather L. Hunter, Katelyn Affleck, Geri Donenberg, Ralph DiClemente, Larry K. Brown

Abstract

We evaluated the reliability and validity of the Dyadic Observed Communication Scale (DOCS) coding scheme, which was developed to capture a range of communication components between parents and adolescents. Adolescents and their caregivers were recruited from mental health facilities for participation in a large, multi-site family-based HIV prevention intervention study. Seventy-one dyads were randomly selected from the larger study sample and coded using the DOCS at baseline. Preliminary validity and reliability of the DOCS was examined using various methods, such as comparing results to self-report measures and examining interrater reliability. Results suggest that the DOCS is a reliable and valid measure of observed communication among parent-adolescent dyads that captures both verbal and nonverbal communication behaviors that are typical intervention targets. The DOCS is a viable coding scheme for use by researchers and clinicians examining parent-adolescent communication. Coders can be trained to reliably capture individual and dyadic components of communication for parents and adolescents and this complex information can be obtained relatively quickly.

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