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01-06-2012 | Uitgave 2/2012

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2012

Relative Effectiveness of Emotion Induction Procedures and the Role of Personal Relevance in a Clinical Sample: A Comparison of Film, Images, and Music

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 2/2012
Auteurs:
Kristen K. Ellard, Todd J. Farchione, David H. Barlow
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Kristen K. Ellard, M.A. is an advanced doctoral student at Boston University Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders, specializing in adult anxiety and mood disorders. She is most recently co-author of a transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral treatment for emotional disorders with Drs. Barlow and Farchione. Todd Farchione, Ph.D. is Research Assistant Professor of Psychology at Boston University. His research focuses on the development of treatments for emotional disorders. David H. Barlow, Ph.D. is Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at Boston University and Founder of the Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders. He has published over 500 articles and over 60 books on the nature and treatment of emotional disorders.

Abstract

Qualitative differences between three types of media used for the laboratory induction of emotion (film clips, still images, and music) were explored using a clinical sample. The relative effectiveness at inducing negative emotion and the degree to which the induction elicited personally relevant experiences of emotion was examined. Nomothetic and idiographic media were included as stimuli, and comparisons were made across media types and selection type. Nomothetic and idiographic media did not significantly differ in levels of negative affect endorsed. Significant differences did emerge between media and selection types in degree of personal relevance, with nomothetic images rated lowest and idiographic music rated highest. Significant differences also emerged in ratings of positive affect, with greater personal relevance significantly related to greater positive affect. The qualitative differences in emotion induction procedures found in this study are discussed in relation to the potential importance of matching emotion induction procedures to specific emotion-related processes of interest when used for the laboratory study of emotion and psychopathology.

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