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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 5/2008

01-07-2008

Relationships Between Parental Negativity and Childhood Antisocial Behavior over Time: A Bidirectional Effects Model in a Longitudinal Genetically Informative Design

Auteurs: Henrik Larsson, Essi Viding, Fruhling V. Rijsdijk, Robert Plomin

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 5/2008

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Abstract

This study examined the direction and etiology underlying the relationships between parental negativity and early childhood antisocial behavior using a bidirectional effects model in a longitudinal genetically informative design. We analyzed parent reports of parental negativity and early childhood antisocial behavior in 6,230 pairs of twins at 4 and 7 years of age. Results from a cross-lagged twin model contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms underlying the bidirectional processes involved in parental negativity and childhood antisocial behavior. Specifically, the findings of this study suggest that the association between parenting and child antisocial behavior is best explained by both parent-driven and child-driven effects. We found support for the notion that parent’s negative feelings towards their children environmentally mediate the risk for child antisocial behavior. We also found evidence of genetically mediated child effects; in which genetically influenced antisocial behavior evoke parental negativity towards the child.
Voetnoten
1
The total phenotypic correlation between the two measures is given by taken into account the pre-existing correlation between parental negativity and antisocial behavior at age 4 (the correlation coefficient between the two measures was estimated to 0.31) as well as the relationship between antisocial behavior at age 4 and parental negativity at age 7 (this cross-lagged path was estimated to 0.153, see Fig. 2). Summing these paths (0.371 + [0.305 × 0.153]) resulted in a moderate correlation (r = 0.42) over time for parental negativity. Similarly, the correlation over time for antisocial behavior was estimated to 0.39 (0.357 + [0.31 × 0.12]).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Relationships Between Parental Negativity and Childhood Antisocial Behavior over Time: A Bidirectional Effects Model in a Longitudinal Genetically Informative Design
Auteurs
Henrik Larsson
Essi Viding
Fruhling V. Rijsdijk
Robert Plomin
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 5/2008
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-007-9151-2