Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 12/2010

01-12-2010 | Empirical Research

Relationships Between Family Connectedness and Body Satisfaction: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Girls and Boys

Auteurs: Carla Crespo, Magdalena Kielpikowski, Paul E. Jose, Jan Pryor

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 12/2010

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study examined the longitudinal links between perceptions of family connectedness and body satisfaction in 1,774 (52% female) adolescents. Participants (10–15 years of age at Time 1) completed self-report measures at three measurement occasions separated by 1 year each. Mean group difference results showed that both body satisfaction levels and perceived levels of family connectedness decreased over 2 years for the whole sample. As expected, girls were generally less satisfied with their bodies than boys, particularly in the older cohort. Structural equation modelling was used to assess stability coefficients and cross-lagged effects, and longitudinal bidirectional effects between perceptions of family connectedness and body satisfaction were found for girls, but not for boys. This result suggests that adolescent girls’ body satisfaction is both affected by and a predictor of perceived family connectedness.
Literatuur
go back to reference Ackard, D. M., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., & Perry, C. (2006). Parent-child connectedness and behavioural and emotional health among adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 30, 59–66. CrossRefPubMed Ackard, D. M., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., & Perry, C. (2006). Parent-child connectedness and behavioural and emotional health among adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 30, 59–66. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Arbuckle, J. L. (2007). Amos 16.0 user’s guide. Chicago, IL: SPSS Inc. Arbuckle, J. L. (2007). Amos 16.0 user’s guide. Chicago, IL: SPSS Inc.
go back to reference Archibald, A. B., Graber, J. A., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1999). Associations among parent–adolescent relationships, pubertal growth, dieting, and body image in young adolescent girls: A short-term longitudinal study. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 9, 395–415. CrossRef Archibald, A. B., Graber, J. A., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1999). Associations among parent–adolescent relationships, pubertal growth, dieting, and body image in young adolescent girls: A short-term longitudinal study. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 9, 395–415. CrossRef
go back to reference Attie, I., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1989). Development of eating problems in adolescent girls: A longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology, 25, 70–79. CrossRef Attie, I., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1989). Development of eating problems in adolescent girls: A longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology, 25, 70–79. CrossRef
go back to reference Barker, E. T., & Galambos, N. L. (2003). Body dissatisfaction of adolescent girls and boys: Risk and resource factors. Journal of Early Adolescence, 23, 141–165. CrossRef Barker, E. T., & Galambos, N. L. (2003). Body dissatisfaction of adolescent girls and boys: Risk and resource factors. Journal of Early Adolescence, 23, 141–165. CrossRef
go back to reference Bearman, S. K., Presnell, K., Martinez, E., & Stice, E. (2006). The skinny on body dissatisfaction: A longitudinal study of adolescent girls and boys. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35, 229–241. CrossRef Bearman, S. K., Presnell, K., Martinez, E., & Stice, E. (2006). The skinny on body dissatisfaction: A longitudinal study of adolescent girls and boys. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35, 229–241. CrossRef
go back to reference Beato-Fernández, L., Rodríguez-Cano, T., Belmonte-Llario, A., & Martínez-Delgado, E. (2004). Risk factors for eating disorders in adolescents: A Spanish community-based longitudinal study. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 13, 287–294. CrossRef Beato-Fernández, L., Rodríguez-Cano, T., Belmonte-Llario, A., & Martínez-Delgado, E. (2004). Risk factors for eating disorders in adolescents: A Spanish community-based longitudinal study. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 13, 287–294. CrossRef
go back to reference Boutelle, K., Eisenberg, M. E., Gregory, M. L., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2009). The reciprocal relationship between parent–child connectedness and adolescent emotional functioning over 5 years. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 66, 309–316. CrossRefPubMed Boutelle, K., Eisenberg, M. E., Gregory, M. L., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2009). The reciprocal relationship between parent–child connectedness and adolescent emotional functioning over 5 years. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 66, 309–316. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Byely, L., Archibald, A. B., Graber, J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2000). A prospective study of familial and social influences on girls’ body image and dieting. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 28, 155–164. CrossRefPubMed Byely, L., Archibald, A. B., Graber, J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2000). A prospective study of familial and social influences on girls’ body image and dieting. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 28, 155–164. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Byrne, B. (2001). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Byrne, B. (2001). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Cash, T. F. (2005). The influence of sociocultural factors on body image: Searching for constructs. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 12, 438–442. CrossRef Cash, T. F. (2005). The influence of sociocultural factors on body image: Searching for constructs. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 12, 438–442. CrossRef
go back to reference Coley, R. L., Votruba-Drzal, E., & Schindler, H. S. (2008). Trajectories of parenting processes and adolescents’ substance use: Reciprocal effects. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 613–625. CrossRefPubMed Coley, R. L., Votruba-Drzal, E., & Schindler, H. S. (2008). Trajectories of parenting processes and adolescents’ substance use: Reciprocal effects. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 613–625. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Feldman, S. S., & Gehring, T. M. (1988). Changing perceptions of family cohesion and power across adolescence. Child Development, 59, 1034–1045. CrossRefPubMed Feldman, S. S., & Gehring, T. M. (1988). Changing perceptions of family cohesion and power across adolescence. Child Development, 59, 1034–1045. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fulkerson, J. A., Strauss, J., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., & Boutelle, K. (2007). Correlates of psychosocial well-being among overweight adolescents: The role of the family. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 181–186. CrossRefPubMed Fulkerson, J. A., Strauss, J., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., & Boutelle, K. (2007). Correlates of psychosocial well-being among overweight adolescents: The role of the family. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 181–186. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gavazzi, S. M., & Sabatelli, R. M. (1990). Family system dynamics, the individuation process, and psychosocial development. Journal of Adolescent Research, 5, 500–519. CrossRef Gavazzi, S. M., & Sabatelli, R. M. (1990). Family system dynamics, the individuation process, and psychosocial development. Journal of Adolescent Research, 5, 500–519. CrossRef
go back to reference Gowers, S. G., & Shore, A. (2001). Development of weight and shape concerns in the aetiology of eating disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 179, 236–242. CrossRefPubMed Gowers, S. G., & Shore, A. (2001). Development of weight and shape concerns in the aetiology of eating disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 179, 236–242. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Grogan, S. (2008). Body image: Understanding body dissatisfaction in men, women and children. London: Routledge. Grogan, S. (2008). Body image: Understanding body dissatisfaction in men, women and children. London: Routledge.
go back to reference Hillaker, B. D., Brophy-Herb, H. E., Villarruel, F. A., & Haas, B. E. (2008). The contributions of parenting to social competencies and positive values in middle school youth: Positive family communication, maintaining standards, and supportive family relationships. Family Relations, 57, 591–601. CrossRef Hillaker, B. D., Brophy-Herb, H. E., Villarruel, F. A., & Haas, B. E. (2008). The contributions of parenting to social competencies and positive values in middle school youth: Positive family communication, maintaining standards, and supportive family relationships. Family Relations, 57, 591–601. CrossRef
go back to reference Holsen, I., Kraft, P., & Roysamb, E. (2001). The relationship between body image and depressed mood in adolescence: A 5-year longitudinal panel study. Journal of Health Psychology, 6, 613–627. CrossRef Holsen, I., Kraft, P., & Roysamb, E. (2001). The relationship between body image and depressed mood in adolescence: A 5-year longitudinal panel study. Journal of Health Psychology, 6, 613–627. CrossRef
go back to reference Jones, D. C. (2004). Body image among adolescent girls and boys: A longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology, 40, 823–835. CrossRef Jones, D. C. (2004). Body image among adolescent girls and boys: A longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology, 40, 823–835. CrossRef
go back to reference Keery, H., van den Berg, P., & Thompson, K. J. (2004). An evaluation of the tripartite influence model of body dissatisfaction and eating disturbance with adolescent girls. Body Image, 1, 237–251. CrossRefPubMed Keery, H., van den Berg, P., & Thompson, K. J. (2004). An evaluation of the tripartite influence model of body dissatisfaction and eating disturbance with adolescent girls. Body Image, 1, 237–251. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford Press. Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference McCabe, M. P., & Ricciardelli, L. A. (2004). Body image dissatisfaction among males across the life span: A review of past literature. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 56, 675–685. CrossRefPubMed McCabe, M. P., & Ricciardelli, L. A. (2004). Body image dissatisfaction among males across the life span: A review of past literature. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 56, 675–685. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McCabe, M. P., Ricciardelli, L. A., & Ridge, D. (2006). “Who thinks i need a perfect body?” Perceptions and internal dialogue among adolescents about their bodies. Sex Roles, 55, 409–419. CrossRef McCabe, M. P., Ricciardelli, L. A., & Ridge, D. (2006). “Who thinks i need a perfect body?” Perceptions and internal dialogue among adolescents about their bodies. Sex Roles, 55, 409–419. CrossRef
go back to reference Minuchin, P. (1985). Families and individual development: Provocations from the field of family therapy. Child Development, 56, 289–302. CrossRefPubMed Minuchin, P. (1985). Families and individual development: Provocations from the field of family therapy. Child Development, 56, 289–302. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Neumark-Sztainer, D., Paxton, S. J., Hannnan, P. J., Haines, J., & Story, M. (2006). Does body satisfaction matter? Five-year longitudinal associations between body satisfaction and health behaviors in adolescent females and males. Journal of Adolescent Health, 39, 244–251. CrossRefPubMed Neumark-Sztainer, D., Paxton, S. J., Hannnan, P. J., Haines, J., & Story, M. (2006). Does body satisfaction matter? Five-year longitudinal associations between body satisfaction and health behaviors in adolescent females and males. Journal of Adolescent Health, 39, 244–251. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Olson, D. H., Bell, R., & Portner, J. (1982). Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES) II. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Department of Family Social Science. Olson, D. H., Bell, R., & Portner, J. (1982). Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES) II. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Department of Family Social Science.
go back to reference Phares, V., Steinberg, A. R., & Thompson, K. (2004). Gender differences in peer and parental influences: Body image disturbance, self-worth, and psychological functioning in preadolescent children. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, 421–429. CrossRef Phares, V., Steinberg, A. R., & Thompson, K. (2004). Gender differences in peer and parental influences: Body image disturbance, self-worth, and psychological functioning in preadolescent children. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, 421–429. CrossRef
go back to reference Presnell, K., Bearman, S. K., & Stice, E. (2004). Risk factors for body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls: A prospective study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 36, 389–401. CrossRefPubMed Presnell, K., Bearman, S. K., & Stice, E. (2004). Risk factors for body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls: A prospective study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 36, 389–401. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Resnick, M. D., Harris, L. J., & Blum, R. W. (1993). The impact of caring and connectedness on adolescent health and well-being. Journal of Pediatrics & Child Health, 29, S3–S9. CrossRef Resnick, M. D., Harris, L. J., & Blum, R. W. (1993). The impact of caring and connectedness on adolescent health and well-being. Journal of Pediatrics & Child Health, 29, S3–S9. CrossRef
go back to reference Rosenblum, G. D., & Lewis, M. (1999). The relations among body image, physical attractiveness and body mass in adolescence. Child Development, 70, 50–64. CrossRefPubMed Rosenblum, G. D., & Lewis, M. (1999). The relations among body image, physical attractiveness and body mass in adolescence. Child Development, 70, 50–64. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Sharpe, T. M., Killen, J. D., Bryson, S. W., Shisslak, C. M., Estes, L. S., Gray, N., et al. (1998). Attachment style and weight concerns in preadolescent and adolescent girls. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 23, 39–44. CrossRefPubMed Sharpe, T. M., Killen, J. D., Bryson, S. W., Shisslak, C. M., Estes, L. S., Gray, N., et al. (1998). Attachment style and weight concerns in preadolescent and adolescent girls. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 23, 39–44. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Sibley, C., Overall, N., & Duckitt, J. (2007). When women become more hostilely sexist toward their gender: The system-justifying effect of benevolent sexism. Sex Roles, 56, 743–754. CrossRef Sibley, C., Overall, N., & Duckitt, J. (2007). When women become more hostilely sexist toward their gender: The system-justifying effect of benevolent sexism. Sex Roles, 56, 743–754. CrossRef
go back to reference Smolak, L. (2004). Body image in children and adolescents: Where do we go from here? Body Image, 1, 15–28. CrossRefPubMed Smolak, L. (2004). Body image in children and adolescents: Where do we go from here? Body Image, 1, 15–28. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smolak, L., Levine, M. P., & Shermer, F. (1999). Parental input and weight concerns among elementary school children. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 25, 263–271. CrossRefPubMed Smolak, L., Levine, M. P., & Shermer, F. (1999). Parental input and weight concerns among elementary school children. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 25, 263–271. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Steinberg, A. B., & Phares, V. (2001). Family functioning, body image, and eating disturbances. In J. K. Thompson & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body image, eating disorders, and obesity in youth: Assessment, prevention, and treatment (pp. 127–147). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Steinberg, A. B., & Phares, V. (2001). Family functioning, body image, and eating disturbances. In J. K. Thompson & L. Smolak (Eds.), Body image, eating disorders, and obesity in youth: Assessment, prevention, and treatment (pp. 127–147). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Stice, E., & Whitenton, K. (2002). Risks for body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls: A longitudinal investigation. Developmental Psychology, 38, 669–678. CrossRefPubMed Stice, E., & Whitenton, K. (2002). Risks for body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls: A longitudinal investigation. Developmental Psychology, 38, 669–678. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wood, K. C., Becker, J. A., & Thompson, J. K. (1996). Body image dissatisfaction in preadolescent children. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 17, 85–100. CrossRef Wood, K. C., Becker, J. A., & Thompson, J. K. (1996). Body image dissatisfaction in preadolescent children. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 17, 85–100. CrossRef
go back to reference Young, E. A., Clopton, J. R., & Bleckley, M. K. (2004). Perfectionism, low self-esteem, and family factors as predictors of bulimic behavior. Eating Behaviors, 5, 273–283. CrossRefPubMed Young, E. A., Clopton, J. R., & Bleckley, M. K. (2004). Perfectionism, low self-esteem, and family factors as predictors of bulimic behavior. Eating Behaviors, 5, 273–283. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Relationships Between Family Connectedness and Body Satisfaction: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Girls and Boys
Auteurs
Carla Crespo
Magdalena Kielpikowski
Paul E. Jose
Jan Pryor
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 12/2010
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-009-9433-9