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In a sample of 299 children (grades 2, 4, and 6), we examined parenting and negative life events as predictors of depressive cognitions, specifically low self-perceived competence, depressive cognitive schemas, and depressogenic attributional style. We also examined developmental trends in these relations. Children completed measures of parenting, negative life events, and depressive cognitions. Parents also completed measures of parenting and negative life events. Consistent with our hypotheses, negative parenting and negative life events corresponded with higher levels of depressive cognitions, whereas positive parenting corresponded with lower levels of depressive cognitions. The relations between negative parenting and negative automatic thoughts were stronger for older children. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
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- Relations of Parenting and Negative Life Events to Cognitive Diatheses for Depression in Children
Alanna E. Bruce
David A. Cole
Danielle H. Dallaire
Farrah M. Jacquez
Ashley Q. Pineda
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers