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30-08-2016 | Original Paper | Uitgave 12/2016

Journal of Child and Family Studies 12/2016

Relations between Parenting Stress, Parenting Style, and Child Executive Functioning for Children with ADHD or Autism

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 12/2016
Auteurs:
Lindsey Hutchison, Michael Feder, Beau Abar, Adam Winsler

Abstract

Relations among parenting stress, parenting style, and child executive functioning for children with disabilities are not easily teased apart. The current study explored these relations among 82 children and adolescents age 7–18: 21 with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, 33 with autism spectrum disorder, and 28 typically developing. Results indicated that children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder or autism spectrum disorder had more executive functioning deficits, and their parents reported more parenting stress and a greater use of permissive parenting, compared to typically developing children. In general, increased parenting stress was associated with greater use of authoritarian and permissive parenting styles, as well as more problems with behavior regulation for children. Authoritarian and permissive parenting styles were associated with poorer child executive functioning. Child diagnostic group (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, typically developing) moderated relations between parent stress and child functioning, and between parenting style and child functioning. Implications for intervention with families of children with disabilities are discussed.

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