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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 10/2019


Relational Aggression in Adolescents with Conduct Disorder: Sex Differences and Behavioral Correlates

Auteurs: Katharina Ackermann, Marietta Kirchner, Anka Bernhard, Anne Martinelli, Chrysanthi Anomitri, Rosalind Baker, Sarah Baumann, Roberta Dochnal, Aranzazu Fernandez-Rivas, Karen Gonzalez-Madruga, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Amaia Hervas, Lucres Jansen, Kristina Kapornai, Linda Kersten, Gregor Kohls, Ronald Limprecht, Helen Lazaratou, Ana McLaughlin, Helena Oldenhof, Jack C. Rogers, Réka Siklósi, Areti Smaragdi, Esther Vivanco-Gonzalez, Christina Stadler, Graeme Fairchild, Arne Popma, Stephane A. De Brito, Kerstin Konrad, Christine M. Freitag

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 10/2019

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As most research on conduct disorder (CD) has been conducted on male participants, it has been suggested that female-specific symptoms may be underestimated based on current DSM-5 criteria. In particular, relational aggression, i.e. the hurtful, often indirect, manipulation of relationships with the intention of damaging the other’s social position, has been proposed as a characteristic of CD that is more common in females. In addition, sex-specific studies on correlates of relational aggressive behavior are lacking. Relational aggression may be strongly related to the correlates of proactive aggression, namely low affective empathy, and high levels of callous-unemotional (CU) traits and relational victimization. Thus, the present study investigated sex differences in relational aggression, and associations between relational aggression and correlates of proactive aggression in 662 adolescents with CD (403 females) and 849 typically-developing controls (568 females) aged 9–18 years (M = 14.74, SD = 2.34) from the European multi-site FemNAT-CD study. Females with CD showed significantly higher levels of relational aggression compared to males with CD, whereas no sex differences were seen in controls. Relational aggression was only partly related to correlates of proactive aggression in CD: Independent of sex, CU traits showed a positive association with relational aggression. In females only, cognitive, but not affective empathy, was negatively associated with relational aggression. Relational victimization was more strongly associated with relational aggression in males compared to females. Despite interesting sex specific correlates of relational aggression, effects are small and the potential clinical implications should be investigated in future studies.

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Relational Aggression in Adolescents with Conduct Disorder: Sex Differences and Behavioral Correlates
Katharina Ackermann
Marietta Kirchner
Anka Bernhard
Anne Martinelli
Chrysanthi Anomitri
Rosalind Baker
Sarah Baumann
Roberta Dochnal
Aranzazu Fernandez-Rivas
Karen Gonzalez-Madruga
Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann
Amaia Hervas
Lucres Jansen
Kristina Kapornai
Linda Kersten
Gregor Kohls
Ronald Limprecht
Helen Lazaratou
Ana McLaughlin
Helena Oldenhof
Jack C. Rogers
Réka Siklósi
Areti Smaragdi
Esther Vivanco-Gonzalez
Christina Stadler
Graeme Fairchild
Arne Popma
Stephane A. De Brito
Kerstin Konrad
Christine M. Freitag
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 10/2019
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174

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