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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 1/2015

01-02-2015 | Original Article

Relation Between Parent Symptomatology and Youth Problems: Multiple Mediation Through Family Income and Parent–Youth Stress

Auteurs: Jessica L. Schleider, Anushka Patel, Lauren Krumholz, Bruce F. Chorpita, John R. Weisz

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 1/2015

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Abstract

This study tested whether family income and stress in the parent–youth relationship might mediate links between parent symptoms and youth problems, and whether the process might differ for youth externalizing versus internalizing problems. We used a multiple mediation technique to test pathways by which family income and stress in the parent–child relationship might relate to parent–youth symptom associations in a sample of clinically-referred 7–13 year-olds (32 % female; M age = 10.16 years). Family income and stress jointly mediated the relation between parent symptoms and youth externalizing problems but not between parent symptoms and youth internalizing problems. Future longitudinal research should investigate whether low income and parent–youth stress may deplete the parental resources needed to manage youth externalizing behavior. This study extends existing literature by suggesting a specific pattern by which two identified risk factors for youth problems may operate jointly, and by showing specificity to externalizing problems.
Voetnoten
1
The other two PSI subscales are interesting but not a good fit to the goals of the present study, for both conceptual and methodological reasons. The Difficult Child subscale focuses specifically on the youth’s behavioral problems, from the parent’s perspective, and it has shown specific associations with youth externalizing problems only [28]. The Parental Distress subscale has raised concern on the part of researchers that it may not measure a concept distinctly different from parental psychiatric symptoms [47].
 
2
To address potentially confounding effects of youth ethnicity and family structure (single versus dual-parent households) on models involving family income, as well as the effect of youth and parent gender on relations between variables, we also tested all models including these four factors as covariates. Youth ethnicity was coded into seven separate variables, each representing one ethnic category. Family structure was coded into one variable with 0 representing single-parent families, and 1, dual-parent families. Youth and parent gender were both coded into two separate variables, with 0 representing males and 1 representing females. Findings for all significant models in this study remained significant even after including youth ethnicity, family structure, youth gender, and parent gender as covariates. Thus, models are reported without these covariates included.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Relation Between Parent Symptomatology and Youth Problems: Multiple Mediation Through Family Income and Parent–Youth Stress
Auteurs
Jessica L. Schleider
Anushka Patel
Lauren Krumholz
Bruce F. Chorpita
John R. Weisz
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 1/2015
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-014-0446-6

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