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13-08-2015 | Original Article | Uitgave 3/2016

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 3/2016

Relating Worry and Executive Functioning During Childhood: The Moderating Role of Age

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 3/2016
Auteurs:
Elena M. C. Geronimi, Heather L. Patterson, Janet Woodruff-Borden

Abstract

The associations between worry and executive functioning across development have not been previously explored. Examining the interrelationships between these variables in childhood may further elucidate the cognitive nature of worry as well as its developmental course. Hypotheses predicted that difficulties with executive functioning would correlate with child worry; based on extant literature, age-related hypotheses were proposed for particular aspects of executive functioning. Children (N = 130) participated in the present study. Difficulties with executive functioning and child worry were assessed. Results demonstrated that each executive functioning subscale correlated with worry. The relations between worry and several facets of executive functioning were no longer significant at older ages, while the relations between worry and the facets of inhibition, shifting, and emotional control did not demonstrate age-related interaction effects. Overall, the findings suggest that worry is associated with executive functioning at young ages and that this association takes distinct forms during different childhood stages.

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