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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2018

23-11-2017 | Original Paper

Refractive Status and Amblyopia Risk Factors in Chinese Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Jiaxing Wang, Gang Ding, Ying Li, Ning Hua, Nan Wei, Xiaoli Qi, Yuxian Ning, Ying Zhang, Xue Li, Jing Li, Linlin Song, Xuehan Qian

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2018

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Abstract

Amblyopia risk factors in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are usually hard to detect in early childhood due to poor cooperation and has not been reported in the Chinese population. We screened 168 Chinese children with ASD, aged between 3 and 8 years, and 264 age-matched neurotypical children with Spot photoscreener and basic ophthalmologic examinations. Children with ASD were found to have normal refractive status but significantly higher incidence of strabismus (16.1%), compared with control children (1.5%) (p < 0.01). Most of the cases of strabismus found in children with ASD were classified as esodeviation. Strabismus in children with ASD should be considered more seriously as an amblyopia risk factor by ophthalmologists and other healthcare professionals.
Literatuur
go back to reference Christensen, D. L., Baio, J., Van Braun, K.N., Bilder, D., Charles, J., Constantino, J. N., et al. (2016). Prevalence and characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder among children aged 8 years–autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 Sites, United States, 2012. Journal of Development and Behavioral Pediatrics, 65(3), 1–23. https://​doi.​org/​10.​15585/​mmwr.​ss6503a1. CrossRef Christensen, D. L., Baio, J., Van Braun, K.N., Bilder, D., Charles, J., Constantino, J. N., et al. (2016). Prevalence and characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder among children aged 8 years–autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 Sites, United States, 2012. Journal of Development and Behavioral Pediatrics, 65(3), 1–23. https://​doi.​org/​10.​15585/​mmwr.​ss6503a1. CrossRef
go back to reference Thibos, L. N., Wheeler, W., & Horner, D. (1997). Power vectors: An application of Fourier analysis to the description and statistical analysis of refractive error. Optometry and Vision Science, 74(6), 367–375. CrossRefPubMed Thibos, L. N., Wheeler, W., & Horner, D. (1997). Power vectors: An application of Fourier analysis to the description and statistical analysis of refractive error. Optometry and Vision Science, 74(6), 367–375. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Refractive Status and Amblyopia Risk Factors in Chinese Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Jiaxing Wang
Gang Ding
Ying Li
Ning Hua
Nan Wei
Xiaoli Qi
Yuxian Ning
Ying Zhang
Xue Li
Jing Li
Linlin Song
Xuehan Qian
Publicatiedatum
23-11-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3387-7