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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 7/2021

01-05-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Reducing Stigma Through Interconnectedness and Compassion: a Buddhism-Based Approach to Reduce Stigma Toward People with Mental Illness

Auteurs: Ben C. L. Yu, Winnie W. S. Mak, Ivy W. Y. Leung, Floria H. N. Chio

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 7/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

The aims of the present studies were to investigate the effect of interconnectedness in reducing stigmatization of people with mental illness and the ways compassion mediates the effect of interconnectedness on stigma.

Methods

Two studies were conducted using college students as participants. In study 1, path analysis was employed to investigate the associations between interconnectedness, compassion, and stigma among people with mental illness. In study 2, an experiment with three conditions (i.e., interconnectedness, compassion, and active control conditions) was conducted to investigate the effect of interconnectedness on stigma reduction. This study also attempted to investigate causally the mediating role of compassion on the effect of interconnectedness on stigma.

Results

Study 1 (n = 135) found that compassion significantly mediated the relationship between interconnectedness and social distance [β = 0.09, 95% CI (0.03 to 0.24), p < 0.001] and interconnectedness and personal advocacy [β = 0.14, 95% CI (0.10 to 0.35), p < 0.001]. Results of repeated measures ANOVA in study 2 (n = 157) found that induction of interconnectedness led to significantly lower social distance but no significant increase in personal advocacy for people with mental illness. No significant effect was found in the compassion condition. Results of path analysis showed that the interconnectedness condition resulted in a higher post-experimental compassion score, which in turn predicted a higher follow-up personal advocacy score 2 weeks later. The compassion condition, however, could not predict a higher post-experimental interconnectedness score. The mediation effect of compassion was supported.

Conclusions

The present study suggests that interconnectedness might reduce stigmatization of people with mental illness directly or through compassion.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Reducing Stigma Through Interconnectedness and Compassion: a Buddhism-Based Approach to Reduce Stigma Toward People with Mental Illness
Auteurs
Ben C. L. Yu
Winnie W. S. Mak
Ivy W. Y. Leung
Floria H. N. Chio
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 7/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01640-6