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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2015

01-06-2015 | Original Paper

Reduced Recognition of Dynamic Facial Emotional Expressions and Emotion-Specific Response Bias in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Kris Evers, Jean Steyaert, Ilse Noens, Johan Wagemans

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2015

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Abstract

Emotion labelling was evaluated in two matched samples of 6–14-year old children with and without an autism spectrum disorder (ASD; N = 45 and N = 50, resp.), using six dynamic facial expressions. The Emotion Recognition Task proved to be valuable demonstrating subtle emotion recognition difficulties in ASD, as we showed a general poorer emotion recognition performance, in addition to some emotion-specific impairments in the ASD group. Participants’ preference for selecting a certain emotion label, irrespective of the stimulus presented, played an important role in our results: response bias-corrected data still showed an overall decreased emotion recognition performance in ASD, but no emotion-specific impairments anymore. Moreover, ASD traits and empathy were correlated with emotion recognition performance.
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Voetnoten
1
ADOS severity scores are calibrated scores ranging between one and ten, with scores of four and five considered representative of an ASD classification (Gotham et al. 2009).
 
2
An example: Participant X and Y have both labelled all of the high intense angry trials correctly (performance = 100 %). However, participant X always responded ‘anger’, independent of the stimulus presented (response bias = 100 %), and participant Y only responded ‘anger’ when an angry face was presented (response bias = 16.67 %). Consequently, the corrected performance of participant X (100/100 = 1.00) will be lower than the corrected performance of participant Y (100/16.67 = 6.00).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Reduced Recognition of Dynamic Facial Emotional Expressions and Emotion-Specific Response Bias in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Kris Evers
Jean Steyaert
Ilse Noens
Johan Wagemans
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2337-x