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01-05-2012 | Special article | Uitgave 5/2012 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 5/2012

Recurrent and founder mutations in the Netherlands: the cardiac phenotype of DES founder mutations p.S13F and p.N342D

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 5/2012
Auteurs:
K. Y. van Spaendonck-Zwarts, A. J. van der Kooi, M. P. van den Berg, E. F. Ippel, L. G. Boven, W.-C. Yee, A. van den Wijngaard, E. Brusse, J. E. Hoogendijk, P. A. Doevendans, M. de Visser, J. D. H. Jongbloed, J. P. van Tintelen
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s12471-011-0233-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Desmin-related myopathy (DRM) is an autosomally inherited skeletal and cardiac myopathy, mainly caused by dominant mutations in the desmin gene (DES). We describe new families carrying the p.S13F or p.N342D DES mutations, the cardiac phenotype of all carriers, and the founder effects.

Methods

We collected the clinical details of all carriers of p.S13F or p.N342D. The founder effects were studied using genealogy and haplotype analysis.

Results

We identified three new index patients carrying the p.S13F mutation and two new families carrying the p.N342D mutation. In total, we summarised the clinical details of 39 p.S13F carriers (eight index patients) and of 21 p.N342D carriers (three index patients). The cardiac phenotype of p.S13F carriers is fully penetrant and severe, characterised by cardiac conduction disease and cardiomyopathy, often with right ventricular involvement. Although muscle weakness is a prominent and presenting symptom in p.N342D carriers, their cardiac phenotype is similar to that of p.S13F carriers. The founder effects of p.S13F and p.N342D were demonstrated by genealogy and haplotype analysis.

Conclusion

DRM may occur as an apparently isolated cardiological disorder. The cardiac phenotypes of the DES founder mutations p.S13F and p.N342D are characterised by cardiac conduction disease and cardiomyopathy, often with right ventricular involvement.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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