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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 4/2014

01-08-2014 | Original Article

Recognition of Pain as Another Deficit in Young Males with High Callous-Unemotional Traits

Auteurs: Susanne Wolf, Luna C. Muñoz Centifanti

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 4/2014

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Abstract

Prior research on callous-unemotional (CU) traits supports a deficit in recognizing fear in faces and body postures. Difficulties recognising others’ emotions may impair the typical behavioural inhibition for violent behaviour. However, recent research has begun to examine other distress cues such as pain. The present study examined emotion recognition skills, including pain, of school-excluded boys aged 11–16 years (N = 50). Using dynamic faces and body poses, we examined the relation between emotion recognition and CU traits using the youth psychopathic traits inventory (YPI) and the inventory of CU traits. Violent delinquency was covaried in regression analyses. Although fearful facial and fearful bodily expressions were unrelated to CU traits, recognition of dynamic pain facial expressions was negatively related to CU traits using the YPI. The failure to replicate a fear and sad deficit are discussed in relation to previous research. Also, findings are discussed in support of a general empathy deficit for distress cues which may underlie the problem behaviour of young males with CU traits.
Voetnoten
1
In order to examine whether a covariance between ICU and YPI CU would explain the association between emotion recognition and CU traits, the two scales of CU traits were entered into one model (two models: one each for faces and postures). Results were not substantively different to entering YPI CU and ICU separately (that is, four models). Thus, for the sake of simplicity, we used the former model, which allowed for the covariance between ICU and YPI CU.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Recognition of Pain as Another Deficit in Young Males with High Callous-Unemotional Traits
Auteurs
Susanne Wolf
Luna C. Muñoz Centifanti
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 4/2014
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-013-0412-8