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30-11-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Reciprocal Associations Between Self-compassion and Eating Disorder Symptoms: an 8-month Longitudinal Study

Auteurs: Jake Linardon, Mariel Messer

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2023

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Abstract

Objectives

Accumulated evidence from longitudinal studies indicated that higher self-compassion levels are associated with greater reductions in eating disorder symptoms over time. However, the nature of these associations is not fully understood. It is possible that these constructs are related in a reciprocal—rather than a unidirectional—fashion, serving to influence each other over time. This study tested for possible longitudinal reciprocal relations between self-compassion and eating disorder symptoms over the course of 8 months.

Method

Participants were community-based adult women who were invited to complete study measures at baseline (T1; n = 3039), 4-month follow-up (T2; n = 1483), and 8-month follow-up (T3; n = 1361). Cross-lagged panel analyses were computed to test for the hypothesized reciprocal relationships.

Results

Evidence for reciprocal, negative associations was found between these constructs. Higher (or lower) self-compassion scores at T1 predicted greater decreases (or increases) in global levels of eating pathology at T2 (β =  − 0.06), which in turn predicted further increases (or decreases) in self-compassion at T3 (β =  − 0.05). The same pattern emerged when modeling overvaluation with weight and shape as a construct of eating disorder symptoms.

Conclusions

This study established reciprocal longitudinal associations between self-compassion and indices of eating pathology. Incorporating strategies designed to cultivate compassionate ways of responding within established eating disorder prevention programs may help to improve their potency.

Preregistration

This study was not preregistered.
Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
Reciprocal Associations Between Self-compassion and Eating Disorder Symptoms: an 8-month Longitudinal Study
Auteurs
Jake Linardon
Mariel Messer
Publicatiedatum
30-11-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2023
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-02031-1

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