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25-04-2015 | Original Paper | Uitgave 1/2016

Journal of Child and Family Studies 1/2016

Reasoned and Reactive Decision-Making Processes as Predictors of Between-Person and Within-Person Differences in Risk-Taking Behavior

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 1/2016
Auteurs:
Emily S. Lambert, Robert D. Laird

Abstract

Both reasoned and reactive decision-making processes contribute to risk-taking behavior. This study tested whether elements of the reasoned and reactive processes are completely separate, partially interconnected, or fully interconnected and whether reasoned and reactive processes predict both between-person and within-person differences in risk-taking behavior. Participants were 580 university students (M age = 20.45, range 18–52 years) who completed surveys assessing decision-making processes and risk-taking behavior. The reasoned and reactive decision-making processes appear to overlap and intersect; distal elements from both decision-making processes exhibit indirect effects on risk-taking behavior through elements from their own, as well as the other, process. However, reasoned and reactive processes both helped explain why some individuals engage in more risk-taking behavior than other individuals and why each individual is more likely to engage in some forms of risk-taking more than others.

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