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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2016

07-11-2015 | Original Paper

Readers with Autism Can Produce Inferences, but they Cannot Answer Inferential Questions

Auteurs: Maria J. Tirado, David Saldaña

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2016

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Abstract

Readers with autism (ASD), poor comprehension (PC), and typical development (TD) took part in three reading experiments requiring the production of inferences. In Experiments 1 and 2 reading times for target phrases—placed immediately after text implicitly indicating the emotion of a protagonist or after a number of filler sentences, respectively—were used as measures of inferencing. In Experiment 3, participants were explicitly asked to identify the protagonist’s emotion. There were no significant differences among groups in Experiment 1. Compared to TD readers, the PC group performed poorly in Experiments 2 and 3. ASD readers performed worse than PC participants only in the explicit-question task. Although ASD readers can produce inferences, they respond to questions about them with difficulty.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Readers with Autism Can Produce Inferences, but they Cannot Answer Inferential Questions
Auteurs
Maria J. Tirado
David Saldaña
Publicatiedatum
07-11-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2648-6