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The abilities to form new concepts from scratch (conceptualisation), and to flexibly switch from one concept to another (re-conceptualisation), were investigated in adults with Asperger’s Syndrome and in typically-developed adults with low and high autism spectrum quotients. In consecutively presented morphs, containing increasing percentages of animate or inanimate objects, the emerging objects had to be identified. The abilities to conceptualise and reconceptualise became increasingly impaired with increasing autistic(-like) traits. Across both tasks, all groups recognised animate objects quicker than inanimate objects. However, this ‘animate advantage’ was differently affected by the two tasks. In the Reconceptualisation task, the ‘animate advantage’ gradually disappeared with increasing autistic(-like) traits, whereas in the Conceptualisation task it remained present.
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- (Re-)conceptualisation in Asperger’s Syndrome and Typical Individuals with Varying Degrees of Autistic-like Traits
Hollie G. Burnett
- Springer US