Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
A significant gap remains in our understanding of the conditions under which parents’ racial socialization has consequences for adolescents’ functioning. The present study used longitudinal data to examine whether the frequency of communication between African American parents and adolescents (N = 504; 49 % female) moderates the association between parent reports of racial socialization (i.e., cultural socialization and preparation for bias) at 8th grade and adolescent reports of racial identity (perceived structural discrimination, negative public regard, success-oriented centrality) at 11th grade, and in turn, academic attitudes and perceptions. Parents’ racial socialization practices were significant predictors of multiple aspects of adolescents’ racial identity in families with high levels of communication, but they did not predict any aspects of adolescents’ racial identity in families with low levels of communication. Results highlight the importance of including family processes when examining the relations between parents’ racial socialization and adolescents’ racial identity and academic attitudes and perceptions.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Coard, S. I., & Sellers, R. M. (2005). African American families as a context for racial socialization. In V. McLoyd, N. Hill, & K. Dodge (Eds.), Emerging issues in African-American family life: Context, adaptation & policy. New York: Guilford Press.
Cooper, S., & McLoyd, V. C. (2011). Racial barrier socialization and the well-being of African American adolescents: The moderating role of mother-adolescent relationship quality. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21, 895–903. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2011.00749.x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Cross, W. E, Jr. (1971). The Negro-to-Black conversion experience. Black World, 20(9), 13–27.
Eccles, J. S. (1997). MADICS study of adolescent development in multiple contexts, 1991– 1998. Cambridge, MA: Murray Research Archive. http://hdl.handle.net/1902.1/01066. Research Archive [Distributor] V2
Erikson, E. H. (1994). Identity: Youth and crisis (Vol. 7). New York: WW Norton & Company.
Hughes, D., Hagelskamp, C., Way, N., & Foust, M. (2009). The role of mothers’ and adolescents’ perceptions of ethnic-racial socialization in shaping ethnic–racial identity among early adolescent boys and girls. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38, 605–626. doi: 10.1007/s10964-009-9399-7. CrossRefPubMed
Hughes, D., Rivas, D., Foust, M., Hagelskamp, C., Gersick, S., & Way, N. (2008). How to catch a moonbeam: A mixed-methods approach to understanding ethnic socialization processes in ethnically diverse families. In S. M. Quintana & C. McKown (Eds.), Handbook of race, racism, and the developing child (pp. 226–277). doi: 10.1002/9781118269930
Laursen, B., & Collins, W. A. (2013). Parent–child communication during adolescence. In A. Vangelisti (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of family communication (2nd ed., pp. 333–348). New York: Routledge.
McHale, S. M., Crouter, A. C., Kim, J. Y., Burton, L. M., Davis, K. D., Dotterer, A. M., & Swanson, D. P. (2006). Mothers’ and fathers’ racial socialization in African American families: Implications for youth. Child Development, 77(5), 1387–1402. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00942.x. CrossRefPubMed
Moschis, G. (1985). The role of family communication in consumer socialization of children and adolescents. Journal of Consumer Research, 11(4), 898–913. CrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2010). Mplus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén Press.
Oyserman, D., Kemmelmeier, M., Fryberg, S., Brosh, H., & Hart-Johnson, T. (2003). Racial-ethnic self-schemas. Social Psychology Quarterly,. doi: 10.2307/1519833.
Rivas-Drake, D., Hughes, D., & Way, N. (2009). A preliminary analysis of associations among ethnic-racial socialization, ethnic discrimination, and ethnic identity among diverse urban sixth graders. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 19(3), 558–584. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2009.00607.x. CrossRef
Sellers, R. M., Copeland-Linder, N., Martin, P. P., & Lewis, R. L. (2006). Racial identity matters: The relationship between racial discrimination and psychological functioning in African American adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescents, 16(2), 187–216. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2006.00128.x. CrossRef
Sellers, R. M., Rowley, S. A. J., Chavous, T. M., Shelton, J. N., & Smith, M. A. (1997). Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity: A preliminary investigation of reliability and construct validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(4), 805–815. doi: 10.1037/0022-3522.214.171.1245. CrossRef
Stevenson, H. C. (1997). Managing anger: Protective, proactive, or adaptive racial socialization identity profiles and African-American manhood development. Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community, 16, 35–61. CrossRef
Tatum, B. D. (1997). “Why are all the Black kids sitting together in the cafeteria?” And other conversations about race. New York: Basic Books.
Wills, T. A., Murry, V. M., Brody, G. H., Gibbons, F. X., Gerrard, M., Walker, C., & Ainette, M. G. (2007). Ethnic pride and self-control related to protective and risk factors: Test of the theoretical model for the strong African American families program. Health Psychology, 26, 50–59. doi: 10.1037/0278-6126.96.36.199. CrossRefPubMed
- Racial Socialization, Racial Identity, and Academic Attitudes Among African American Adolescents: Examining the Moderating Influence of Parent–Adolescent Communication
Vonnie C. McLoyd
Samantha K. Hallman
- Springer US