Skip to main content


Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

10-07-2015 | Uitgave 1/2016 Open Access

Quality of Life Research 1/2016

Quality of life in rehabilitation outpatients: normal values and a comparison with the general Dutch population and psychiatric patients

Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 1/2016
Ernst Schrier, Irene Schrier, Jan H. B. Geertzen, Pieter U. Dijkstra



To provide Dutch normal values for rehabilitation outpatients with chronic pain or musculoskeletal diseases utilizing the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire abbreviated version (WHOQOL-BREF) and analyse influence of diagnosis and patient characteristics on normal values and increase understanding in those values.


Five hundred and forty-two outpatients were referred to a rehabilitation psychologist. Referral diagnoses were “musculoskeletal”, “chronic pain”, “neurological” and “miscellaneous”. Comparisons between groups were made for each of the four domains of the WHOQOL-BREF (scoring range 4–20).


Domain scores of rehabilitation outpatients were physical domain 11.0 (±2.7), psychological domain 13.6 (±2.4), social domain 14.8 (±3.4) and environmental domain 14.2 (±2.2). Outpatients with chronic pain reported the lowest scores on the WHOQOL-BREF when compared to the “musculoskeletal”, “neurological” and “miscellaneous” groups. Increased age, lower education, living alone and unemployment had a negative impact on WHOQOL-BREF scores. Compared to the general Dutch population, rehabilitation outpatients scored, unadjusted for age, significantly lower difference for the physical domain 4.5 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 4.2; 4.8], the environment domain 1.7 (95 % CI 1.5; 2.0), the psychological domain 1.1 (95 % CI 0.4; 1.2) and the social domain 0.4 (95 % CI 0.0; 0.8).


WHOQOL-BREF scores of rehabilitation outpatients are lower and differed significantly from normal values of a Dutch population in all four domains. Therefore, the WHOQOL-BREF can be used to measure the subjective impact of their disease or injury. The subjective impact of chronic pain was found to be particularly high.

Onze productaanbevelingen

BSL Podotherapeut Totaal

Binnen de bundel kunt u gebruik maken van boeken, tijdschriften, e-learnings, web-tv's en uitlegvideo's. BSL Podotherapeut Totaal is overal toegankelijk; via uw PC, tablet of smartphone.

Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2016

Quality of Life Research 1/2016 Naar de uitgave