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Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 10/2017

01-06-2017

Quality of life among adolescents living in residential youth care: do domain-specific self-esteem and psychopathology contribute?

Auteurs: Thomas Jozefiak, Nanna S. Kayed, Ingunn Ranøyen, Hanne K. Greger, Jan L. Wallander, Lars Wichstrøm

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 10/2017

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Abstract

Purpose

Many adolescents living in residential youth care (RYC) institutions perceive their quality of life (QoL) to be low. Enhancing QoL is thus important, but little is known about the potential contributors to their QoL. Early interpersonal trauma and subsequent removal from home and repeated relocations to new placements are expected to affect mental health and self-esteem. We therefore investigated if domain-specific self-esteem contributed to QoL among adolescents living in RYC institutions over and beyond their levels of psychopathology.

Methods

All youth in Norwegian RYC institutions between the ages 12–23 years were invited to participate. Of a total of 98 RYC institutions, 86 participated, and 400 of 601 eligible youths were examined. The participants’ primary contact completed the Child Behavior Checklist to assess psychopathology. The adolescents completed a revised version of the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents and the questionnaire for measuring health-related quality of life in children and adolescents (KINDL-R).

Results

After adjusting for psychopathology, age, and gender, self-esteem domains uniquely explained 42% of the variance in Qol, where social acceptance (β = 0.57) and physical appearance (β = 0.25) domains significantly predicted concurrent QoL.

Conclusions

The self-esteem domains, social acceptance and physical appearance, add substantially to the explained variance in QoL among adolescents living in RYC institutions, over and beyond the levels of psychopathology. These self-esteem domains may be targets of intervention to improve QoL, in addition to treating their psychopathology.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Quality of life among adolescents living in residential youth care: do domain-specific self-esteem and psychopathology contribute?
Auteurs
Thomas Jozefiak
Nanna S. Kayed
Ingunn Ranøyen
Hanne K. Greger
Jan L. Wallander
Lars Wichstrøm
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 10/2017
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-017-1603-8